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Posted by Gary Price

The following article was recently posted on arXiv.

Title

The Spread of Fake News by Social Bots

Authors

Chengcheng Shao
Giovanni Luca Ciampaglia
Onur Varol
Alessandro Flammini
Filippo Menczer
Affiliation: Indiana University (All Authors)

Source

via arXiv
June 24, 2017

Abstract

The massive spread of fake news has been identified as a major global risk and has been alleged to influence elections and threaten democracies.

Communication, cognitive, social, and computer scientists are engaged in efforts to study the complex causes for the viral diffusion of digital misinformation and to develop solutions, while search and social media platforms are beginning to deploy countermeasures. However, to date,
these efforts have been mainly informed by anecdotal evidence rather than systematic data.

Here we analyze 14 million messages spreading 400 thousand claims on Twitter during and following the 2016 U.S. presidential campaign and election. We find evidence that social bots play a key role in the spread of fake news. Accounts that actively spread misinformation are significantly more likely to be bots.

Automated accounts are particularly active in the early spreading phases of viral claims, and tend to target influential users. Humans are vulnerable to this manipulation, retweeting bots who post false news. Successful sources of false and biased claims are heavily supported by social bots. These results suggests that curbing social bots may be an effective strategy for mitigating the spread of online misinformation.

Direct to Full Text Article
16 pages; PDF.

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Posted by Howard Knopf


Prof. Ariel Katz's brilliant research and analysis enabled me on behalf of him and then Prof. David Lametti's (now MP and Parliamentary Secretary to Minister of ISED) McGill institute to persuade the Supreme Court of Canada, per Rothstein, J., in CBC v. SODRAC in 2015 that Copyright Board tariffs are not "mandatory". Prof Katz has just posted a very important blog following the Access Copyright v. York University decision from the Federal Court two weeks ago, in which the judgment of the Supreme Court of Canada was not followed.

His blog is entitled "Access Copyright v. York University: An Anatomy of a Predictable But Avoidable Loss" and begins thus:
Two weeks ago, Justice Phelan of the Federal Court handed Access Copyright a huge victory in its lawsuit against York University.[1] I have followed the case closely and read the parties’ submissions and I have been constantly concerned that York risked snatching defeat from the jaws of victory. Unfortunately, this is what happened. The good news is that many of the Court’s fundamental findings rest on very loose foundations, that I am confident that York’s loss is only temporary, and that if York appeals the decision and handles the appeal appropriately, most, if not all, of the Court’s major findings will be reversed. One way or another, and possibly with interveners assisting the court, one hopes that all essential arguments will be made on appeal. Therefore, this post provides an anatomy of York’s predictable yet totally avoidable loss.
In a nutshell, York has chosen to ignore the most important question in this case, namely whether tariffs approved by the Copyright Board become mandatory on users. The answer to this question carries long-term strategic implications for Access Copyright and for all educational institutions in Canada. Access Copyright understood the importance of this question and argued its case accordingly. York, on the other hand, has chosen to limit its submissions to the narrow question of whether an interim tariff could be mandatory, and refrained from addressing the general question of whether approved tariffs (i.e., final tariffs) were mandatory on users. York has also been eager, it seems, to turn this case into a case about fair dealing, which need not have happened.
          (highlight added)

Anyone interested in Canadian education  and/or copyright law will want to read this blog through and thoroughly to the end.

HPK
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Posted by Gary Price

From the University of Arizona:

A new report from media and internet scholars at the University of Arizona’s James E. Rogers College of Law addresses those questions.

The report, “Identifying and Countering Fake News”, identifies the distinct types of fake news: hoaxes, propaganda, trolling and satire, along with the motivations behind them. It also proposes a set of model solutions to reduce production and dissemination of fake news.

“The term ‘fake news’ has now been used to refer to so many things that it seems to have lost real meaning,” said lead author Mark Verstraete, a privacy and free-expression research fellow at the College of Law and a postdoctoral research associate at the UA’s Center for Digital Society and Data Studies. “Our goal is to bring clarity to that problem and prompt discussion about possible solutions. Before we can stop fake news, we have to define it.”

Verstraete co-authored the report with UA law professors Jane R. Bambauer and Derek E. Bambauer, who also are affiliated faculty with the Center for Digital Society and Data Studies in the College of Social and Behavioral Sciences.

What Is Fake News?

The researchers created a visual matrix to organize different types of fake news based on two criteria: whether the author intends to deceive readers and whether there is financial motivation for creating the story. The four types are:

Satire: purposefully false content that is financially motivated but not intended to deceive

Hoax: purposefully false content that is financially motivated and is intended to deceive

Propaganda: purposefully biased or false content that is politically motivated and is intended to deceive

Trolling: presenting information that has biased or fake content that is motivated by an attempt at personal humor and is intended to deceive.

Read the Complete Summary: Identifying and Countering Fake News

Direct to Full Text Report: Identifying and Countering Fake News
33 pages; PDF.

See Also: Conference Paper: “News Verification Suite: Towards System Design to Supplement Reporters’ and Editors’ Judgements” & “Deception Detection and Rumor Debunking for Social Media”

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Posted by Gary Price

From Variety:

In a groundbreaking show of unity, ASCAP and BMI, the nation’s two leading performing rights organizations, announced today that they will create a single, comprehensive database of musical works from their combined repertories that will deliver an authoritative view of ownership shares in the vast majority of music licensed in the United States.

Read the Complete Article

More Details From the Joint News Release:

The joint database will roll out in phases with Phase One expected to launch by the end of 2018, and include the majority of ASCAP and BMI registered songs. It will be secure, user-friendly and searchable and will be updated as new information becomes available. Future phases will explore customizable, interactive API solutions and the potential inclusion of other databases.

ASCAP and BMI have proven their commitment to industry-wide data transparency by making public aggregated song share ownership through their respective online, searchable repertory databases – ASCAP’s ACE Repertory and BMI’s Repertoire Search. Both PRO public databases already include the following information, which will be combined in the joint database:

Song and composition titles
Performing artist information
Aggregated shares by society for ASCAP & BMI
International Standard Work Codes (ISWC) and other unique identifiers
IP names and numbers.

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Posted by Gary Price

From the Wellcome Library Blog:

This is the second in a series of three blog posts which set out the perspectives of researchers, funders and universities on support for open resources. The first was Open Resources, who should pay? In this post, David Carr from the Open Research team at the Wellcome Trust provides the view of a research funder on the challenges of developing and sustaining the key infrastructures needed to enable open research.

David Carr writes:

I am part of a new team at Wellcome which is seeking to build upon the leadership role we have taken in enabling access to research outputs.  Our key priorities include:

  • developing novel platforms and tools to support researchers in sharing their research – such as the Wellcome Open Research publishing platform which we launched last year;
  • supporting pioneering projects, tools and experiments in open research, building on the Open Science Prize which with the NIH and Howard Hughes Medical Institute;
  • developing our policies and practices as a funder to support and incentivise open research.

Read the Complete Blog Post

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Posted by Samuel Trosow

In a ruling that should have a significant impact on Canada’s privacy policies, the European Court of Justice (Opinion 1-15, July 26, 2017) has held that  the agreement between Canada and the EU on the transfer of Passenger Name Record (PNR) data cannot be concluded because it violates fundamental privacy rights recognized by the EU as it is currently written.

The Court noted that the PNR data could reveal a complete travel itinerary, travel habits, relationships existing between two or more individuals, and information on the financial situation of air passengers, their dietary habits or their state of health. And since the data will be analyzed through an automated process, the Court also noted the analysis could provide additional personal information about the passengers.

In ruling that the transfer of the PNR data (and its potential subsequent retransfer) constituted an interference with the fundamental right to the protection of personal data, the court also looked at whether this fundamental violation could be justified.

First they noted that there was an objective of general interest (to ensure public security in the context of the fight against terrorist offences and serious transnational crime) and that a transfer of data measure was appropriate for the achievement of that objective.

But the court went on to find that since there was a risk of processing sensitive personal data contrary to the principle of non-discrimination, the transfer to Canada would require a more precise justification than was shown.  The Court also noted that the continued storage of the data was not limited to what is strictly necessary.

The court set out six protections that will need to be included in the provision in order to cure these defects. It is worth noting that these measures corresponds to  generally established fair information practice/ fair privacy policy (as contained for example in PIPEDA’s Privacy Principles).

The six measures which must be addressed in a revised version are:

  • determine in a more clear and precise manner certain of the PNR data to be transferred;
  • provide that the models and criteria used for the automated processing of PNR data will be specific, reliable and non-discriminatory;
  • provide that the databases used will be limited to those used by Canada in relation to the fight against terrorism and serious transnational crime;
  • provide that PNR data may be disclosed by the Canadian authorities to the government authorities of a non-EU country only if there is an agreement between the European Union and that country equivalent to the envisaged agreement or a decision of the European Commission in that field;
  • provide for a right to individual notification for air passengers in the event of use of PNR data concerning them during their stay in Canada and after their departure from that country, and in the event of disclosure of that data to other authorities or to individuals;
  • guarantee that the oversight of the rules relating to the protection of air passengers with regard to the processing of their PNR data is carried out by an independent supervisory authority.

This ruling is timely and very significant for Canadian privacy policymakers for several reasons.

The court’s ruling serves as a reminder that the European Union takes its privacy commitments very seriously. In Europe, privacy is afforded a higher status in the legal hierarchy than it is given in Canada and much more so than in comparison with the United States. While Canada’s PIPEDA standards have been deemed in the past to be in compliance with the EU’s adequacy requirements, there is no guarantee this status of compliance will continue under the new GDPR regime.

Also, in this decision, the Court is showing sensitivity to the impacts and effects of technology on privacy issues, especially with regard to the processing of sensitive personal information. Canada should draw an inference that our PIPEDA principles would benefit from a thorough review to determine if they are keeping up with technological changes (I have addressed this issue in an earlier submission to the Office of the Privacy Commissioner  and am expanding this discussion in forthcoming paper on the Internet of Things).  I don’t think the correspondence between the Court’s order and basic privacy principles was an accident or a coincidence.

And perhaps of the greatest historical significance, the court noted its decision represents the first time it’s been called on to rule on the compatibility of a draft international agreement with the EU Charter of Fundamental Rights.  The significance of this point should not be overlooked as Canada continues to engage in international agreements.  NAFTA may not directly affect Canada’s trade relationship with the EU and its members. But Canada must avoid negotiating away any privacy protections which could lock the government into an untenable situation with respect to compliance with the EU’s increasingly robust privacy requirements. My sense is that the NAFTA negotiating demand from the United States (restricting limitations on trans-border data flows or other measures requiring local data processing) impedes the flexibility in privacy protections that Canada needs to maintain.

At the very least the Canadian government needs to issue a clear statement that Canadian privacy protections are NOT going to be subject to NAFTA negotiations, and this would be preferably accomplished by releasing a  clear set of its negotiating objectives.

Today’s decision from the European Court only underlines these concerns and should send a clear message to the Canadian government that it needs to take privacy protections more seriously.


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Posted by Gary Price

From the Environmental Working Group:

EWG’s new national Tap Water Database is the most complete source available on the quality of U.S. drinking water, aggregating and analyzing data from almost 50,000 public water systems in all 50 states and the District of Columbia.

[Clip]

EWG researchers spent the last two years collecting data from state agencies and the EPA for drinking water tests conducted from 2010 to 2015 by 48,712 water utilities in all 50 states and D.C. All told, the utilities tested for approximately 500 different contaminants and found 267.

Contaminants detected in the nation’s tap water included:

  • 93 linked to an increased risk of cancer. More than 40,000 water systems had detections of known or likely carcinogens exceeding established federal or state health guidelines – levels that pose minimal but real health risks, but are not legally enforceable.
  • 78 associated with brain and nervous system damage.
  • 63 connected to developmental harm to children or fetuses.
  • 45 linked to hormone disruption.
  • 38 that may cause fertility problems.

2017-07-26_13-44-06

The safety of the nation’s drinking water was thrust back into the headlines in the summer of 2015, when extremely high levels of lead were discovered in the water supply of Flint, Mich. Data compiled by EWG shows that between 2010 and 2015, nearly 19,000 public water systems had at least one detection of lead at levels that could pose a risk to bottle-fed infants.

Learn More About the Project and Database

Direct to EWG’s Tap Water Database

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Posted by Gary Price

Rethinking Liaison Programs for the Humanities (issue brief) was published by Ithaka S+R today. The paper is based in part on a talk given by the co-authors at CNI, Spring 2017.

Title

The Rethinking Liaison Programs for the Humanities

Authors

Danielle Cooper
Ithaka S+R

Roger C. Schonfeld
Ithaka S+R

From the Introduction

2017-07-26_12-57-51For generations, most research libraries have had employees with deep subject expertise. Once known as bibliographers, these scholars and librarians originally focused their efforts on selection for collection building. Today, there is real anxiety about the role of subject expertise and academic liaisons in research libraries. We argue that evidence about scholars’ practices and needs should be a key input into reorganizing library subject expertise.

Direct to Full Text ||| PDF Version (16 pages)

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Posted by Gary Price

From The FOIA Project/Syracuse University:

To give some perspective on these trends, in FY 2001, the first year of the Bush administration, nonprofit/advocacy organizations filed 47 cases challenging federal agencies’ FOIA practices. These cases made up one out of every seven (14.2%) federal FOIA suits filed that year. Ten years later the annual number of suits filed by this sector surpassed 100 individual cases. By June 2015, this sector’s 12-month running total had topped 150, and in April of 2017 nonprofit and advocacy organizations’ FOIA filings topped 200 for the first time.

[Clip]

As the FOIA Project reported in its January and May 2017 reports, reporters and news organizations have also recently brought an increasing number of federal FOIA lawsuits. However, the pattern of their increase differed from that documented for the nonprofit and advocacy sector. Nonprofit and advocacy organizations’ lawsuits increased during both the Bush and Obama administrations. In comparison, the number of media suits changed very little during most of this period. Only in the last few years have news media FOIA lawsuits jumped.

The jump in media-filed suits along with the dramatic rise in those filed by nonprofit groups have been key contributors to the overall rise in federal FOIA litigation that has recently occurred.

[Clip]

These latest results emerge from the FOIA Project’s continuing initiative to systematically identify and classify plaintiffs in each federal FOIA lawsuit. Starting with the case-by case records on virtually every FOIA suit now available on FOIAproject.org, the project team is examining and classifying each of the more than ten thousand individual names of plaintiffs for cases filed in federal district court since the beginning of FY 2001.

Results from the first phase of this project, released last December and updated in May, were published in The News Media List — a comprehensive directory to the more than four hundred individual reporters and news media plaintiffs in federal FOIA cases. In the just completed and even more ambitious second phase, the project team has identified a second set of cases and filers covering those suits brought by nonprofits and advocacy organizations.

The Nonprofit/Advocacy List is a parallel directory that covers over two thousand individual nonprofit organizations that were plaintiffs in federal FOIA cases filed since the beginning of FY 2001.

Learn More, View Charts (2) in Complete Blog Post

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Posted by Gary Price

The PEN America digital archive went live today.

2017-07-26_10-57-46PEN America [is announcing] the launch of its online archive, chronicling 50 years of seminal American literary and cultural history with more than 1500 hours of audio and video dating back to 1966. The recordings include meetings, panels, and public events covering a breathtaking range of social, political, and cultural topics that will allow listeners to tune in to many of the most impassioned and important debates in late 20th- and early 21st-century intellectual life.

A major grant from the National Endowment for the Humanities enabled PEN America to preserve, digitize, and make available for the first time PEN America’s entire collection of audio and video recordings, many of which were previously at risk of physical deterioration.

“Over nearly 100 years, PEN America has convened America’s leading literary and intellectual lights in debates and dialogues that have framed the most pressing social, cultural, and political issues of the time,” said Suzanne Nossel, executive director of PEN America. “With the release of the PEN America Digital Archive, these essential voices have been brought back to life, brimming with personality, passion, opinion, and sometimes bombast. Hearing directly from these greats will offer information and inspiration to writers, scholars, and free expression advocates for generations to come.”

The PEN America Digital Archive project began with a brawl. Not a Norman Mailer, Rip Torn brawl with head punches and savaged ears, but a brawl over the one of the most basic tenets of archives everywhere: Access.

Sold to Princeton in 1994 the PEN America Archive dates back to 1921—the year PEN International was founded, just a year before the birth of PEN America. Among paper documents, VHS tapes, audiocassettes, photographs, and magnetic reels, the physical collection includes personal correspondence and speeches by Langston Hughes, Willa Cather, H.G. Wells, and more. The collection was processed and catalogued in a Finding Aid by Princeton University’s Rare Books & Special Collections.

What had begun as a curious adventure to explore our past and community at that moment turned into a mission. In 2012, PEN America received a planning grant from the Andrew W. Mellon Foundation to catalog and assess the physical condition of materials and develop a plan digitize the most at-risk resources. We hired Archives, Preservation, and Records Management Specialist Lisa Sisco, who found that a staggering 93 percent of the materials in PEN America’s archive was assessed to have significant cultural and/or scholarly value, but that 61 percent—including all of the audio and video recordings housed at Princeton—was at high risk of being lost due to physical deterioration or obsolescence.

In 2014, the National Endowment for the Humanities awarded PEN America a generous grant to digitize, preserve, and make available for free online this entire collection of audio and video recordings. Working with staff, archivists, web developers, designers, and more over nearly three years, PEN America developed a comprehensive strategy to implement the creative search platform you see here today, bringing to the surface this remarkable material.

The digital archive provides a unique historical perspective on how American intellectuals engaged on major social and political challenges and crises including racism, censorship and surveillance, sexuality and the HIV/AIDS epidemic, the Cold War, the Iran hostage crisis, and September 11. PEN America’s physical archives are housed at the Princeton University rare book collection.

Direct to PEN America Digital Archive

Search Options

  • Search by Subject Headings
  • Search by Name
  • Search by Keyword
  • Limit by Year
  • Genre
  • Participant
  • Location

Search Results

  • Sort by Data
  • Sort by Relevance

Direct to Advanced Search Interface

Browse the Hyperlinked Archive Index

See Also: Princeton University Library P.E.N. American Center Records Finding Aid

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Posted by Library and Archives Canada Blog

By Louise Tousignant The mandate of Library and Archives Canada (LAC) includes acquiring published material that is Canadian or of Canadian interest. In collecting this material, LAC aims for a national Canadiana collection that is as comprehensive as possible. Canadian … Continue reading
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Posted by Wendi Maloney

This is a guest post by Julie Miller, a historian in the Manuscript Division.

Portrait of Revolutionary War loyalist Isaac Low by David McNeely Stauffer. From New York Public Library: https://tinyurl.com/yax3pmap.

During the American Revolution, as many as one-third of American colonists remained loyal to Britain. These are the Tories we learned about in grade school, also known as loyalists.

Why did these Americans choose to remain British, and what did their decision cost them? The story told by a petition the Library recently acquired—addressed by New York loyalist Isaac Low on November 21, 1783, to the Loyalist Claims Commission in London—shows how one divided family struggled with these questions.

Born in New Jersey in 1735, Isaac Low was a prosperous New York City merchant. In the 1760s, as Americans became restive under British taxation and restrictions on trade, Low became active in the opposition. In 1774, he was a New York delegate to the first Continental Congress. As a merchant, Low was affected by the restrictions on trade, but he warned: “We ought not to deny the just Rights of our Mother Country. We have too much Reason in this Congress, to suspect that Independency is aimed at.”

When the Second Continental Congress met, the one that drafted the Declaration of Independence, Low did not attend. But he did participate ambivalently in several other patriotic bodies. The Manuscript Division has minutes of one of these, the New York City Committee of Sixty, which communicated with similar committees in other colonies and enforced boycotts of British goods. Low chaired this committee, but one of its members was suspicious of his loyalties. At a meeting held in April 1775, this unnamed member commented bitterly: “Mr. Lows non-attendance I ascribe to advices from England.” John Adams similarly believed that Low “will profess Attachment to the Cause of Liberty but his Sincerity is doubted.”

By the time the British occupied New York City in fall 1776, Low had made his allegiances clear and declared his loyalty to Britain. He remained in the occupied city, but when the British evacuated New York in 1783 and sailed for England, Low and his wife, Margaret, sailed too, joining their son Isaac Jr., who was already in London.

Low’s sisters, Gertrude and Sarah, had married two Irish-born brothers, Alexander and Hugh Wallace. Gertrude Low Wallace and Alexander Wallace, together with Hugh Wallace, left for Britain after the Revolution, but Sarah Low Wallace, Hugh’s wife, stayed behind, as did Nicholas Low, the brother of Isaac, Gertrude and Sarah. The Low and Wallace families preserved their bonds despite their political differences and wrote to each other for decades thereafter. Their letters are in the Nicholas Low Papers in the Manuscript Division.

Like other loyalists, Isaac Low’s property was confiscated by the Americans when he declared his loyalty to Britain during the revolution. The British parliament established the Loyalist Claims Commission to compensate loyalists for their American losses. Just before he left for England, Isaac Low drafted a petition to the commission—the one the Library recently acquired.

In it, he explains his history of shifting loyalties. He had always, he told the commissioners, “been warmly attached to the British Constitution.” For that reason, and to “continue a Member of the British Empire in America,” he had agreed to attend the Continental Congress as a delegate. He had believed that the “most worthy and respectable” of his fellow delegates wanted to “accommodate the unhappy Difference that then subsisted” between Britain and the colonies. But, to his “great Mortification and Grief,” his “Hopes and Expectations were all frustrated.”

Low details his service to the crown in occupied New York and gives a list of prominent men who can vouch for him. He describes his losses in a 1778 fire that caused great destruction in the occupied city. He was forced to throw goods “into the open Streets to preserve them from the Flames” and the fire consumed “several Thousand Pounds Sterling value in Anatta” (a red dye) that had been stored near the customs house dock waiting to be shipped to London. No longer bound by the boycotts he had once helped to enforce, Low was now trading with Britain from within the sanctuary of occupied New York.

After the war, Nicholas Low, in New York, provided material and moral support to his refugee relatives. He sent Isaac a pamphlet titled A Letter from Phocion. Phocion was Alexander Hamilton, as both brothers knew, since Hamilton was Nicholas’s lawyer.

Hamilton-as-Phocion argued that New York’s confiscation of loyalists’ property violated the terms of the 1783 Treaty of Paris. Isaac replied in an April 7, 1784, letter that the pamphlet did “honor to his [Hamilton’s] head and heart” but put him in danger of being “suspected of having changed his sentiments for what they will call Tory money.”

The progress of Isaac’s application to the commission can be traced in his letters to his brother in the Nicholas Low Papers. It took two years for the commissioners to decide on his application. When they did, he felt that the £1,700 they awarded him was “very scanty”—even though it was more than many others received, as historian Maya Jasanoff points out.

Isaac complained to Nicholas in an August 15, 1786, letter, “I must for the first time set myself down for a ruined man.” He blamed the commission’s decision on “malice whispered” by his enemies in a September 7, 1786, letter but also believed that “my having been in Committee and Congress, was a great stumbling block.”

When Isaac died in 1791, Isaac Jr. wrote to Nicholas on September 5 of that year that the “cruell treatment he experienced on both sides the Atlantic brought on an anxious mind, which hurried him to the grave.”

Gertrude Wallace appears to have been more resilient. On June 7, 1787, three years after arriving in Britain, she told Nicholas she was becoming accustomed to life there. “I could wish for a few of my old acquaintances,” she wrote, “but if it can’t be I must be content.”

Over the Counter #376

Jul. 26th, 2017 07:00
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Posted by Luanne

What book caught my eye this week as it passed over the library counter and under my scanner? Wartime I do's......

The Marriage Bureau by Penrose Halson.

From the publisher, Harper Collins:

"About the Book

In the spring of 1939, with the Second World War looming, two determined twenty-four-year-olds, Heather Jenner and Mary Oliver, decided to open a marriage bureau. They found a tiny office on London’s Bond Street and set about the delicate business of matchmaking. Drawing on the bureau’s extensive archives, Penrose Halson—who many years later found herself the proprietor of the bureau—tells their story, and those of their clients. We meet a remarkable cross-section of British society in the 1940s: gents with a “merry twinkle,” potential fifth-columnists, nervous spinsters, isolated farmers seeking “a nice quiet affekshunate girl” and girls looking “exactly” like Greta Garbo and Vivien Leigh, all desperately longing to find The One. And thanks to Heather and Mary, they almost always did just that.

A riveting glimpse of life and love during and after the war, The Marriage Bureau is a heart-warming, touching and thoroughly absorbing account of a world gone by.

The Marriage Bureau is in development for TV with Carnival Film and Television Ltd, who produced Downton Abbey."

(Over the Counter is a regular feature at A Bookworm's World. I've sadly come the realization that I cannot physically read every book that catches my interest as it crosses over my counter at the library. But... I can mention them and maybe one of them will catch your eye as well. See if your local library has them on their shelves!)
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Posted by Gary Price

From the Dataverse Blog:

Any fish can tell you: It’s important to know the waters you’re swimming in. To that end, Usability Researcher Derek Murphy and Product Research Specialist Julian Gautier have put together a spreadsheet that compares Dataverse’s features, usage, and governance with other prominent online data repositories. In this way, we sought to discover trends in repository design to help inform future development of Dataverse. Now we would like to share our findings with the community.

Our comparative review covers eight repositories selected for their similarity to Dataverse. We chose to look at repositories rather than platforms, to help us evaluate things from a researcher’s perspective. We compared these eight repositories along three broad topics, with each divided into subcategories. Under Software Features, we listed features that we’ve observed in multiple repositories. We hoped to discover areas where Dataverse was falling behind, and areas where it’s excelling. Under Governance/Organization we looked at the business models and policies of the repositories, to see what kinds of practices are common. Under Content we listed statistics on usage of the repositories and the materials contained within them.

Direct to Complete Blog Post and Embedded Spreadsheet

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Posted by Wendi Maloney

This is a guest post by Matthew Barton, the recorded sound curator in the Motion Picture, Broadcasting and Recorded Sound Division. Bob Wolff, the subject of the post, died on July 15 at age 96.

Bob Wolff at the Library of Congress in 2013.

In spring 2013, the Packard Campus for Audio-Visual Conservation of the Library of Congress was honored to add the personal collection of the late sportscaster Bob Wolff to its holdings. Included were complete recordings of the two games that feature Wolff’s best-known work: Don Larsen’s perfect game in the 1956 World Series and the legendary sudden-death overtime 1958 NFL championship game between the Baltimore Colts and the New York Giants.

Bob was welcomed in the Member’s Room of the Library of Congress when we acquired his collection and honored with a special video tribute on the Jumbotron at that evening’s Washington National’s game. The Library also hosted a screening of the musical baseball fantasy “Damn Yankees” at the Packard Campus in Culpeper, Va.  Bob did an interview with questions and answers afterward.

The Bob Wolff Collection reflects the longevity and versatility of one of the greatest practitioners of the announcer’s art that sports broadcasting has known. From 1946 on, Wolff worked in both radio and television, covering collegiate and professional sports, including baseball, football, basketball, hockey, soccer, boxing, tennis and track and field. Somehow, he also found time to announce the annual Westminster Kennel Club Dog Show at Madison Square Garden for 33 years.

Bob Wolff (right) with the Singing Senators, a group he formed with players from Washington’s major-league team. The players in uniform are (from left) Truman Clevenger, Jim Lemon, Albie Pearson, Russ Kemmerer and Roy Sievers.

In the 1940s, few believed that such broadcasts amounted to anything lasting; at that time, it was neither easy nor inexpensive for an individual broadcaster to make personal professional-quality recordings of his work. Wolff used recordings mainly as a production aid that enabled him to capture an interview during the day for use during his evening sports news programs. He soon started a “mystery guest” feature in which he would replay a clip from an old interview along with a few hints as to the guest’s identity, and invite listeners to send their guesses to him on postcards. Perhaps this practice convinced him to record and save his work when he could, for he continued to do it for decades to come.

For some interviewees, such as Babe Ruth, one can imagine Wolff keeping a recording in any case. But preserving an interview with the young coach of the Tri-Cities Blackhawks franchise of the fledgling National Basketball Association seems much less likely, no matter how good a talker future Boston Celtics coaching legend Red Auerbach may have been in that 1949–50 season.

Wolff’s broadcasting career began while he was still a student at Duke University in 1939. He was a fixture of the airways in his native New York from the 1960s on, but it was in Washington, D.C., that Wolff really learned his trade. Although the Washington Senators had been a contending ball club in the war years, they went from bad to worse while Wolff covered them from 1946 to 1960. They finished last five times, next to last four times and over .500 only once. Nevertheless, Wolff called their games enthusiastically, strummed his ukulele with the “Singing Senators” group he formed and gave airtime to everyone from upper management to stadium peanut vendors.

Wolff’s announcing performance for the 1956 All Star Game in D.C. earned him a spot in the booth for Mutual Network’s broadcasts of that year’s World Series, when Don Larsen pitched his perfect game. After that, his career highlights become too numerous to list here, but include three more World Series, national broadcasts for NBC and ABC and a stint as the New York Knicks’ announcer that included its two championship seasons in the early 1970s. He joined News 12 Long Island in 1986, where his commentary was a regular feature until early this year.

This short blog post can only begin to describe Bob Wolff’s career, art and achievement. Soon, examples of his preserved work will be available on the Library’s website. For now, I’ll leave you with a short recording from the Bob Wolff Collection. It is a 1947 interview by two reporters of Jackie Robinson (1919–1972), the first African American to play baseball on a major league team in the modern era.

 

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Posted by Gary Price

The following paper will be presented next month at the 2017  IFLA World Library and Information Congress in Wrocław, Poland.

Title

Supporting Digital Preservation and Access with Fedora

Authors

David Wilcox
DuraSpace

Evviva Weinraub
Northwestern University

Source

via IFLA Library

Abstract

Digital preservation is complex, and the vocabulary is not well-defined. A long-term digital preservation and access strategy incorporates many components, and there are levels of preservation to match the risk tolerance and available resources of an institution – there is no “one size fits all” approach. Digital preservation systems with modular components provide the greatest flexibility for organizations to choose an approach that can scale up or down as needed over time. Fedora is an open source, durable repository for digital objects, that is part of a long-term digital preservation and access solution. Fedora is used in a wide variety of institutions including libraries, museums, archives, and government organizations. It is a community-based solution that leverages existing, widely used standards whenever possible to ensure long-term sustainability. Fedora stakeholders from around the world have come together to clearly define how Fedora supports digital preservation, and how it fits into a larger digital preservation solution. This paper will provide an overview of the considerations and complexities of a digital preservation strategy, and describe how Fedora can serve as a key component of a digital preservation and access solution.

Direct to Full Text Paper (5 pages; PDF)

[syndicated profile] infodocket_feed

Posted by Gary Price

From UCL Press (University College London):

This dynamic, innovative, evolving and open platform publishes contributions connected to the AHRC/British Library project, The Academic Book of the Future, which has been investigating key aspects of scholarly publishing for the last two years, led by a team of academics from UCL and Kings College London.

The platform, which presents the content in the form of a booc (books as open online content), will grow as more content is created, and will allow different ways to explore and share the ideas and discussions.

2017-07-25_12-48-16

Authors from all areas of the academic, publishing, bookselling and library communities discuss aspects of scholarly books and their possible futures: for example, the role of the editor, peer review, academic bookshops and libraries, open access, digital publishing and technology.

The content – in a range of peer-reviewed formats including videos, blogs, chapters and reports – presents a fascinating variety of insights into the constantly evolving contexts of the academic book and will be of interest to anyone working in the HE sector and the publishing industry, and, indeed, to anyone interested in how ideas are disseminated to a wider general audience.

Direct to Full Text BOOC: Academic Book of the Future

[syndicated profile] infodocket_feed

Posted by Gary Price

From UMass Amherst Libraries:

The UMass Amherst Libraries announce the new United States Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO) Virtual Assistance Pilot Program beginning on Tuesday, August 1, 2017, at the Patent and Trademark Resource Center (PTRC) located in the Science & Engineering Library, Lederle Lowrise, University of Massachusetts Amherst.

The USPTO recommends using a registered attorney or agent to assist in preparing and prosecuting a patent application; however, they also recognize that the cost of such assistance is prohibitive for many applicants, particularly independent inventors and small business concerns. The new Virtual Assistance Pilot Program will provide greater availability to those needing assistance with the patent process.

Pro Se inventors (those who file patent applications without the assistance of a registered patent attorney or agent) will be able to come to the PTRC to meet with a USPTO patent examiner via a WebEx connection. PTRCs are a nationwide network of public, state and academic libraries that are authorized by the USPTO to disseminate patent and trademark information and support diverse intellectual property needs of the public.

This new service is free and open to all Pro Se inventors willing to travel to the UMass Amherst PTRC. I

nventors must make an advance appointment by emailing Paulina Borrego at ptrc@library.umass.edu.

Appointments can be scheduled from10am-12pm and 1-3pm every Tuesday through Thursday. The examiner, who will be specifically matched to each inventor’s needs, will provide assistance with the patent application process but cannot dispense legal advice or make patentability determinations prior to an application being filed.

NOTE: A Virtual Assistance Pilot Program is also beginning at the Broward County Main Library in Fort Lauderdale, Florida.

 

 

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Posted by Gary Price

On July 19, 2017, ASAPbio (Accelerating Science and Publication in biology) held “The Evolving Preprint Ecosystem” an all-day meeting in Cambridge, MA. A video of the meeting is linked below.

From the Description:

2017-07-25_12-27-31The preprint ecosystem is growing rapidly. The CZI/bioRxiv partnership will fuel the expansion of the leading preprint server in the life sciences. Many other servers and platforms exist or are planned, with varying degrees of disciplinary overlap (arXiv, PeerJ Preprints, preprints.org, OSF Preprints, ChemRxiv, SSRN, SciELO, PsyArxiv, EngArXiv, SocArXiv, Authorea, F1000Research, etc). Funding agencies are enacting policies supporting preprints, such as those developed by the Wellcome Trust and the Medical Research Council, while agencies like the NIH have gone a step further and developed guidelines for selecting a preprint server. Furthermore, the integration of preprints into the research culture will open doors for the publication of other types of interim research products such as theses, hypotheses, protocols, single-figure publications, data papers, software papers, etc.

The goal of this meeting is to identify any gaps/opportunities in the preprint ecosystem, which in turn will help to inform the revision of ASAPbio’s plans before the close of our RFA suspension.

Meeting Video

The complete meeting was recorded and is available here.

Agenda and Slides

Wednesday, July 19 – All times EDT

10:15         Arrivals and coffee
10:30         Welcome & goals of the meeting – Ron Vale and Jessica Polka (slides)
10:40         Welcome to the American Academy – John Randell
10:50         Overview of planned CZI-bioRxiv developments
.                         Jeremy Freeman, John Inglis, Richard Sever
.                        Questions (5 min)
11:15         Other planned preprint developments (10 min each, max)
.                        PLOS – Louise Page (slides)
.                        SciELO – Abel Packer (slides)
.                        bioRN – Gregg Gordon
.                        COS – Brian Nosek (slides)
.                        Preprints.org – Martyn Rittman
.                        Others (from the floor)
12:00        Lunch
12:30         Open discussion on the preprint ecosystem and infrastructure needs
.                       Moderated by Robert Kiley
.                       Jeremy Freeman (verbal remarks)
.                       Phil Bourne (slides)
13:30         Existing funder recommendations – Moderated by Ron Vale
.                       Neil Thakur (slides)
.                       Discussion on additional recommendations/standards
14:30         Approaches to reinforcing standards/best practices
.                       Moderated by Jessica Polka (5 min each)
.                       Agreement among community of servers – Oya Rieger (slides)
.                       Whitelist/consumer reports – Carly Strasser
.                       Search tool indexing compliant servers – Jo McEntyre (slides)
.                       Educational module – Jeff Spies (verbal remarks)
.                       Discussion
15:45         Coffee break
16:00         Services to support preprints, such as manuscript screening and conversion
.                       Moderated by Ron Vale and Jessica Polka
16:45         Concluding thoughts from around the room – comments from participants
17:30         Adjourn

Additional Resources

UPDATE: Principles & Best Practices for Preprints (Post and Slide From Oya Rieger, Cornell University)
via arXiv Wiki.

During Your MTA Commute...

Jul. 25th, 2017 16:43
[syndicated profile] lis_news_feed

Posted by birdie

...you can now read e-books courtesy of a new program called Subway Library, sponsored by the NY, Brooklyn and Queens libraries and enabled by wi-fi throughout the NYC subway transit system.

A choice of pretty good selections too, many with NYC themes.

[syndicated profile] infodocket_feed

Posted by Gary Price

From the Institute for Museum and Library Services (IMLS):

IMLS is now accepting nominations for the 2018 awards.  Anyone—an employee, a board member, a member of the public, or an elected official—can nominate an institution. To be considered, the institution must complete and return a nomination form by October 2, 2017.

2017-07-25_11-54-37This year, IMLS is particularly interested in museums and libraries with programs that build community cohesion and serve as catalysts for positive community change, including programs that provide services for veterans and military families, at-risk children and families, the un- and under-employed, and youth confronting barriers to STEM-related employment.

All types of nonprofit libraries and library organizations, associations and consortia are eligible, including academic, school, digital, tribal, and special libraries or archives. Public or private nonprofit museums of any discipline are eligible, including general, art, history, science and technology, children’s, and natural history and anthropology, historic houses and sites, arboretums, nature centers, aquariums, zoos, botanical gardens, and planetariums.

The ten winning institutions are honored at a ceremony in Washington, D.C., are spotlighted in the news media and on social media, and are invited to host a two-day visit from StoryCorps to record community member stories. As part of the selection process, approximately thirty finalists are chosen and are featured by IMLS during a six-week social media and press campaign.

Winning the medal elevates an institution’s profile and can positively impact fundraising, programming, and partnership and outreach activities.

Institutions interested in being considered should read the nomination form carefully and contact the designated program contacts with questions.

Direct to Source Blog Post, Contact Info

See Also: IMLS Announces the 10 Recipients of 2017 National Medal for Museum and Library Service (May 8, 2017)

See Also: 2017 National MedaL for Museum and Library Service Brochure
28 pages; PDF.

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Posted by Michael Geist

Last month’s Supreme Court of Canada decision upholding a global takedown order requiring Google to remove search results on an international basis sparked widespread concern from civil liberties and digital rights groups who fear the implications for freedom of expression online (the case was celebrated by IP rights groups who now envision using Canada as the base for global takedowns). My initial post on the decision argued that the Court had failed to grapple with the elephant in the room, namely the broader implications of global takedowns and the likelihood of conflicts:

The Supreme Court of Canada did not address the broader implications of the decision, content to limit its reasoning to the need to address the harm being sustained by a Canadian company, the limited harm or burden to Google, and the ease with which potential conflicts could be addressed by adjusting the global takedown order. In doing so, it invites more global takedowns without requiring those seeking takedowns to identify potential conflicts or assess the implications in other countries.

The prospect of global conflicts has now come to the Equustek case with Google filing suit in a federal court in California asking the court to block enforcement the Canadian order on the grounds that it violates the U.S. constitution and federal laws.

The case is reminiscent of the first big Internet jurisdiction case: the 2000 Yahoo France case in which a French court ordered the removal of certain content and Yahoo sued in U.S. courts to block enforcement of the order. The suit suggests that the Equustek case may run for several more years as the U.S. courts consider whether to stand aside in the face of foreign courts issuing global takedowns that impact what their citizens can access online.

The Google suit states:

Google now turns to this Court, asking it to declare that the rights established by the First Amendment and the Communications Decency Act are not merely theoretical. The Canadian order is repugnant to those rights, and the order violates principles of international comity, particularly since the Canadian plaintiffs never established any violation of their rights under U.S. law. Pursuant to well-established United States law, Google seeks a declaratory judgment that the Canadian court’s order cannot be enforced in the United States and an order enjoining that enforcement.

Google’s suit to block the Canadian order is grounded in three arguments. First, it points to the First Amendment freedom of expression implications of the order, noting that there are many less restrictive options available:

Enforcing the Canadian Order in the United States would violate the First Amendment. The Canadian Order furthers no compelling interest (nor a substantial interest), and is not narrowly tailored to achieve one. The existence of the Datalink websites is, and remains, a matter of public record. Equustek cannot show that it has no alternatives available other than enjoining Google’s search results outside of Canada. Upon information and belief, Equustek has not sought similar delisting injunctions against the world’s other search engines, such as Bing or Yahoo; has not taken action against other third-party websites (such as social media or press websites) displaying links to Datalink websites; has not pursued more targeted remedies against Datalink’s registrars or its webhosts, which could remove Datalink’s websites from the internet entirely; and has not stopped the sale of Datalink’s products through Amazon. Equustek did not even seek to seal the Datalink website addresses themselves before any court.

Second, it argues that the order is inconsistent with the Communications Decency Act, which grants immunity to Internet intermediaries for posting third party content. While the CDA excludes U.S. IP law, Google notes that this is Canadian trade secret law case that does not involve U.S. intellectual property rules.

Third, Google makes the case that the order violates U.S. public policy:

The Canadian Order is further repugnant to United States public policy because it issued an injunction against Google, an innocent non-party, merely for the sake of “convenience.” The non-party injunction standard applied by the Supreme Court of Canada did not come close to satisfying well-settled United States law for imposing injunctions. The Canadian standard only considers “the balance of convenience,” and not the “balance of equities,” and the Canadian court placed the burden on Google, a non-party, to disprove Equustek’s rights in every country outside of Canada, rather on Equustek, the plaintiff in the action, to prove its entitlement to removal of search results in each country in which it sought removal. Moreover, the Canadian standard took no account of the “public interest” at all.

This latest legal turn is precisely what critics of the Supreme Court ruling feared as the prospect of conflicting rulings, protracted litigation, and legal uncertainty becomes a reality. While the Supreme Court’s decision avoided mandating monitoring or assigning liability to intermediaries, by upholding global takedowns without fully addressing the implications (the Court of Justice of the EU was recently asked to do so), it effectively invited other courts to issue conflicting decisions without guidance on how to best resolve the issue.

The post Google Files Suit in U.S. Court To Block Enforcement of Canadian Global Takedown Order appeared first on Michael Geist.

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Posted by Gary Price

From the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) Voices Blog:

Patients with serious or immediately life-threatening diseases or conditions who have no comparable or satisfactory alternative therapy and who seek access to potentially life-saving investigational drugs will have another option to guide them through the process – thanks to the launch today of a new online tool called the Expanded Access Navigator. The development of the Navigator was a team effort led by the Reagan-Udall Foundation in collaboration with patient advocacy groups, the pharmaceutical industry, FDA, and others in the Federal government.

[Clip]

The Expanded Access Navigator helps to educate patients and physicians about the process. Most of what they need to seek expanded access is now available in this single online location, including a directory where companies can submit public links to their expanded access policies, criteria used by companies to determine whether to make a drug available through expanded access, and contact information. While not a portal for applications, the directory is the first consolidated starting point for researching available investigational therapies. To help users find information quickly, the Navigator is separated into one section for patients and caregivers, and another for physicians.

2017-07-25_09-47-25

The patient and caregiver section provides links to resources such as how to determine if a patient can participate in a clinical trial, the difference between an intermediate-size or larger expanded access program and a single-patient expanded access program, and their physician’s role in helping them obtain an investigational drug. Patients also can reach out to FDA’s Office of Health and Constituent Affairs’ Expanded Access Team.

Physicians can use the tool to identify investigational treatment options for their patients, explore clinical trials on behalf of their patients, learn how to engage with FDA and pharmaceutical companies as part of the process, and read about important factors to discuss with patients when considering expanded access. After using the Navigator and deciding on an investigational drug treatment option, physicians may contact FDA’s Division of Drug Information for assistance with their expanded access application.

The site is a valuable resource for information about obtaining access to an investigational drug through an expanded access program, but it also offers a great deal of useful information about participation in clinical trials, which is the preferred option. Clinical trials help to ensure adequate patient protection and may provide the evidence of safety and effectiveness required to support approval of a marketing application.

The Partners who contributed to the website’s development, in addition to FDA, include the American Cancer Society, the American Society of Clinical Oncology, the Biotechnology Innovation Organization, the Pharmaceutical Research and Manufacturers of America, Foundation Medicine, Susan G. Komen, Bristol-Myers Squibb, Genentech, Janssen, Lilly, Merck, and Pfizer.

Read the Complete Blog Post

Direct to the The Expanded Access Navigator

Images of Geese now on Flickr

Jul. 25th, 2017 14:00
[syndicated profile] lac_blog_feed

Posted by Library and Archives Canada Blog

Geese are waterfowl and are found mainly in North America, Europe and parts of Asia. They range in size from the large Canada Goose to the small Ross’s Goose. Six species of geese (Brant, Cackling Goose, Canada Goose, Greater White-fronted … Continue reading
[syndicated profile] bookwormsworld_feed

Posted by Luanne



I always have one YA book tapped to be my companion at the beach for a day in the summer. Candace Ganger's debut novel, The Inevitable Collison of Birdie and Bash was that book.

Birdie and Sebastian (Bash) meet at a party. There's interest on both sides, but nothing happens that night. Well, nothing between the two of them. But something does happen that will change both their lives.... The reader knows what has transpired and can only be a silent witness as events unfold. The pair meet again and the sparks are still there.....but so is what happened....

Two great lead characters - I was happily in their corner, hoping that the fates would align for them. But Ganger has set a pretty high set of obstacles for the pair.  Maybe tragedies is a better word to use.

The supporting cast is easy to categorize - Bash's friend Kyle is very easy to - well, to hate. Birdie's grandpa Sarge says little, but has much to say when he does speak. Ms. Camilla had me in tears. But it was only on reading the author's notes that I discovered Ganger had taken inspiration from her own life for some of the characters and heartbreak. You can feel that personal connection in the writing.

Birdie is a science nerd. Ganger cleverly uses science terms and Lessons of the Day to accompany situations, relationships and developments as the book progresses.

"Lesson of the Day: There are reasons - many reasons - some particles shouldn't combine, no matter how  curious you are about the outcome. Sometimes things explode; sometimes they dissipate, evaporate, disintegrate. And sometimes they collide and become something so much more than you ever thought they could."

My only quibble is Bash's taking the blame for 'the incident' - I did have a hard time thinking that someone would actually do that. But, it's absolutely a driving point of the plot, so it's very necessary.

Loss, grief, love, friendship, coming of age and more populate this novel. It's a really wonderful debut. Read an excerpt of The Inevitable Collision of Birdie and Bash. This book has 'movie' written all over it. Fans of John Green will enjoy this one.

Cr: Merinda Buchanan 
"Candace Ganger is a young adult author, contributing writer for Hello Giggles, and obsessive marathoner. Aside from having past lives as a singer, nanotechnology website editor, and world’s worst vacuum sales rep, she’s also ghostwritten hundreds of projects for companies, best-selling fiction and award-winning nonfiction authors alike. Candace—aka—Candyland—has a severe Milky Way latter addiction + eats way too many donuts/doughnuts but all things in excess, amiright? FYI: She’s TOTALLY awkward in person (#sorrynotsorry). She lives in Ohio with her family." You can connect with Candace on her website. like her on Facebook and follow her on Twitter.
[syndicated profile] infodocket_feed

Posted by Gary Price

From the University of Michigan Library (via YouTube)

Michigan Publishing visits the staff of ACLS Humanities E-Book in New York to discuss their selection of Fulcrum as their next-generation platform for reading, discovery, and preservation. The Fulcrum platform, hosted by the U-M Library and developed with the support of the Andrew W. Mellon Foundation, presents audiovisual materials, 3D models, and other complex digital objects in close relationship with the text.

Timeline

  • November 2017
    Showcasing Beta Version of Platform at Librarian Focus Group at Charleston Conference.
  • Feedback and development cycle.
  • April 2018
    Humanities Open Book (OA) Content Launches on New Platform.
  • Feedback and development cycle.
  • August 2018
    ACLS HEB Goes Live on Fulcrum.

See Also: Video: “Building the Better Ebook and Beyond” Session at CNI Fall Meeting (February 8, 2017)

See Also: Michigan Publishing Announces Beta Launch of New Publishing Platform, Fulcrum (October 28, 2016)

Direct to Fulcrum Website

[syndicated profile] infodocket_feed

Posted by Gary Price

From the Research Data Alliance:

2017-07-24_15-35-54The 4 RDA recommendations published today are key building blocks for an interoperable research data environment:

The publication is a key milestone for RDA’s contribution to making research data open, sharable and re-usable across technologies, disciplines, and countries.

RDA gathers more than 5800 members from 128 countries belonging to academia, research, public administration or the private sector. The Recommendations and Outputs are delivered by the RDA Working and Interest groups, self-formed and directly managed by the RDA members. The recommendations and outputs are envisioned as social and technical bridges because they connect different systems, communities, tools etc. and generally take the form of technical specifications, data and reference models, recommended practice and harmonization of existing standards.

RDA Europe, the European plug-in to the global RDA, has carried forward the evaluation, approval and publication of the 4 Recommendations as ICT specifications and is currently working on the submission of a new set of 5 Recommendations for this autumn.

Read the Complete Announcement

See Also: All RDA Recommendations & Outputs

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Posted by Gary Price

Note: Some background material about this project is linked to at the bottom of this post.

From a Blog Post on the Mellon Foundation’s “Shared Experience Blog” by Senior Program Associate Kristen C. Ratanatharathorn:

Despite the trove of details a single email can unearth, rigorous cataloguing of email communication remains the exception, not the rule. Instead, those trying to understand the recent historical record are, too often, left feeling the way many of us do with our personal inboxes: searching in vain for that one elusive message.

That’s why The Andrew W. Mellon Foundation and the Digital Preservation Coalition in the UK have organized a Task Force on Technical Approaches to Email Archives. The task force, composed of 18 members from national libraries, universities, archives, and industry, is halfway through a year-long process to assess current efforts to preserve email and develop a framework to address the challenges associated with email archives. By the end of 2017, the task force will report on its findings and recommendations for actions that archives could take in the next two to five years to safely acquire and preserve email for future research use.

Read the Complete Blog Post

Video (Also Embedded in Blog Post)

Background

See Also: Mellon Foundation and Digital Preservation Coalition Sponsor Formation of Task Force for Email Archives (November 1, 2016)

See Also: Setting the Standards for Saving Email (by Matt Enis, Library Journal)
Jan. 31, 2017.

[syndicated profile] tpl_blog_feed

Posted by Nicole

visitor pins the Destination Canada map

Destination Canada, our free exhibit exploring stories of migration and belonging, is ending soon! You have until Sunday, July 30 to see it at the Toronto Reference Library's TD Gallery. Admission is free and you can visit anytime during regular library hours. Our last guided tour of the exhibit is Tuesday, July 25 at 2 pm. 

The exhibit showcases a range of materials from the Baldwin Collection of Canadiana including images from the Toronto Star Photograph Archive, broadsides and ephemera, maps, personal diaries and letters.

Bags of sod and minerals collected by Robert Baldwin
Small bags of dirt and minerals collected by Robert Baldwin when he returned to Temple Martin, Ireland, the home of his grandfather who had emigrated in 1799. Baldwin is considered one of the key architects of responsible government in Canada. 

This is the first time that items donated to the library's Chinese Canadian Archive, which launched last year, have been exhibited. The Chinese Canadian Archive will collect and preserve documents, photographs and memorabilia that reflect the rich heritage of the Chinese Canadian community in Toronto.

Letter from Immigration inspector-in-charge, airline ticket and travel documents  Chinese Canadian Archive Gift of Judy Fong Bates
Letter from Immigration inspector-in-charge, airline ticket and travel documents, Chinese Canadian Archive, Gift of Judy Fong Bates

In 1955, five-year-old Fong Mun Sin, along with her mother Fong York Line, boarded flight CP AL308 from Hong Kong to join her father, Fong Wah Yen, who was living and working at a hand laundry in Allandale, Ontario. Fong Mun Sin, now known as Judy Fong Bates, is an acclaimed author who has written about her parents' lives in small-town Ontario in her memoir The Year of Finding Memory (2010). Items from her and her mother's journey are on display in the exhibit. 

Childhood Doll
This childhood doll accompanied Emma Andrews on the flight from Honduras to Vancouver.

The exhibit also features stories, interviews and mementos from speakers with Passages Canada. Passages Canada is a national storytelling program of Historica Canada that invites newcomers and established Canadians to share their personal experiences of identity, heritage and immigration with groups of all ages. The doll above was brought by Emma Andrews when she immigrated to Canada in the 1980s. In her own words: 

“During the ‘80s, Honduras was affected by civil wars in neighbouring countries, and it was a dangerous place to live. When my younger brother and I were students, my parents were worried that we could be harmed, we could be kidnapped – anything bad could happen to us. For this reason, I came to Canada, and my brother went to the United States. My brother went back to Honduras after the political climate changed, but against my parents’ wishes, I did not return.”

  World Map in Destination Canada (detail)

Visitors to the exhibit have been encouraged to leave something of their own journey when they visit the exhibit. Over the last nine weeks, it has been incredible to see the many places around the world that visitors have identified as their "home."

World map in Destination Canada (detail)

The exhibit includes a selection of historic materials which relate to some of the “push” and “pull” forces that have influenced the reasons why settlers and newcomers have come to Canada at different points in our history. 

What has or what would motivate you to pick up your life and relocate to another place? You can see how visitors have answered the question  in the picture below.

Graph depicting how exhibit visitors have answered the question: what would motivate you to move to another place?

 

Letter from Gilbert Agar, General Secretary, Social Service Council of Ontario to Marjory Gregg, University Settlement Toronto: May 14, 1920 History of Canadian Settlements fonds
Letter from Gilbert Agar, General Secretary, Social Service Council of Ontario, to Marjory Gregg, University Settlement Toronto: May 14, 1920. History of Canadian Settlements fonds

The exhibit also touches on some of the complex challenges faced by newcomers as they have settled here, as well as some of the early services, societies and community centres that extended a helping hand. The library, for example, has long played a role in the settlement process. In 1920, Miss Rorke, a staff member of the public library, requested assistance in finding someone who could help “foreigners” obtain library cards. In the letter above, Gilbert Agar, General Secretary with Social Service Council of Ontario suggests that “it seems a good piece of Canadianization work to encourage our foreign born residents to make the fullest use possible of the library.”  

Today, Toronto Public Library is often one of the first stops for newcomers as they get started in Toronto and Canada. You can find out more on the library's New to Canada website or on the New to Canada blog. 

Notes left for newcomers by visitors to the exhibit
Notes left for newcomers by visitors to the Destination Canada exhibit

Visitors to the Destination Canada exhibit have contributed heartfelt and inspiring notes of welcome for those who have recently arrived, often sharing something of their or their families' stories. Read them and add your own! 

If you can't make it out to the Toronto Reference Library before July 30, you can always check out some of the items in the exhibit on our Digital Archive.  

[syndicated profile] infodocket_feed

Posted by Gary Price

From the SaveSnopes.com Website:

2017-07-24_14-00-20We [Snopes] had previously contracted with an outside vendor to provide certain services for Snopes.com. That contractual relationship ended earlier this year, but the vendor will not acknowledge the change in contractual status and continues to essentially hold the Snopes.com web site hostage. Although we maintain editorial control (for now), the vendor will not relinquish the site’s hosting to our control, so we cannot modify the site, develop it, or — most crucially — place advertising on it. The vendor continues to insert their own ads and has been withholding the advertising revenue from us.

Our legal team is fighting hard for us, but, having been cut off from all revenue, we are facing the prospect of having no financial means to continue operating the site and paying our staff (not to mention covering our legal fees) in the meanwhile.

Learn More, Read the Complete Article

Direct to Snopes GoFundMe Page

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Posted by Gary Price

From the National Archives and Records Administration:

Today at 8 a.m., the National Archives released a group of documents (the first of several expected releases), along with 17 audio files, previously withheld in accordance with the JFK Assassination Records Collection Act of 1992.

The materials released today are available online only.  

Access to the original paper records will occur at a future date.

Download the Files Online (July 2017 Release)

Highlights of this release include 17 audio files of interviews of Yuri Nosenko, a KGB officer who defected to the United States in January 1964. Nosenko claimed to have been the officer in charge of the KGB file on Lee Harvey Oswald during Oswald’s time in the Soviet Union. The interviews were conducted in January, February, and July of 1964.

This set of 3,810 documents is the first to be processed for release, and includes FBI and CIA records—441 documents previously withheld in full and 3,369 documents previously released with portions redacted. In some cases, only the previously redacted pages of documents will be released. The previously released portions of the file can be requested and viewed in person at the National Archives at College Park (these records are not online).

Background

The re-review of these documents was undertaken in accordance with the John F. Kennedy Assassination Records Collection Act of 1992, which states: “Each assassination record shall be publicly disclosed in full, and available in the Collection no later than the date that is 25 years after the date of enactment of this Act, unless the President certifies, as required by this Act, that continued postponement is made necessary” by specific identifiable harm.

The act mandated that all assassination-related material be housed in a single collection in the National Archives and defined five categories of information that could be withheld from release. The act also established the Assassination Records Review Board to weigh agency decisions to postpone the release of records.

The National Archives established the John F. Kennedy Assassination Records Collection in November 1992, and it consists of approximately five million pages of records. The vast majority of the collection (88 percent) has been open in full and released to the public since the late 1990s. The records at issue are documents previously identified as assassination records but withheld in part or in full. Federal agencies have been re-reviewing their previously withheld records for release, and will appeal to the President if they determine that records require further postponement.

Resources From NARA

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Posted by Wendi Maloney

Peter Devereaux, author of “The Card Catalog: Books, Cards and Literary Treasures.” Photo by Shawn Miller.

The library card catalog was one of the most versatile and durable technologies in history—a veritable road map for navigating a “wilderness of books”—says Peter Devereaux of the Library’s Publishing Office. His new book on the subject, “The Card Catalog: Books, Cards and Literary Treasures,” explores the history of this once-revolutionary system and celebrates literary gems and artifacts from Library of Congress collections.

This is a reprint of an interview with Devereaux that first appeared in the Library of Congress Gazette.

Why did you write this book?
This book was a great opportunity to tell the story about an unheralded, yet extremely important, part of libraries—the card catalog—one of the most versatile and durable technologies in history. I wanted people to see what a massive and unprecedented undertaking it was, so I hope the book sheds some light on its history and the continued importance of cataloging here at the Library of Congress.

What are the ancient roots of card catalogs?
When I started research for this book, I struggled a little with finding a starting point that made sense. After reading about Sumerian historian S. N. Kramer, I understood the story really started at the dawn of civilization. He clearly identified one cuneiform tablet, found near the ruins of Nippur and dated around 2000 B.C., as being used for cataloging purposes. At just 2½ by 1½ inches, the tablet foreshadowed the use of small index cards.

What system did libraries use just before the invention of the card catalog?
Most libraries used some form of a shelf list or bound catalog. The drawback was while the titles were listed in the order they appeared on the shelf, they were virtually useless if you wanted to search by author or subject. The title-author-subject access points that the card catalog affords was really a game changer.

Who were the key figures in the development of the card catalog?
Although there were some important contributions by librarians in Europe, on this side of the Atlantic, major developments were happening by the mid-1800s. They were led by Smithsonian librarian Charles Jewett, who advocated for centralized cataloging. At Harvard, Ezra Abbot created the first modern card catalog designed for readers. His associate, Charles Cutter, who became the librarian at the Boston Athenaeum in 1868, created a new scheme that later was the basis for the Library of Congress classification system. Though Cutter’s cataloging rules were adopted by many libraries, he is overshadowed by Melvil Dewey, whose approach to cataloging was based on a controlled vocabulary, represented by numerical values that could be subdivided by decimals.

How did the card catalog revolutionize libraries?
It really came down to providing quick, reliable access to a library’s collection. Before Dewey, Cutter and American Library Association libraries were essentially left to their own devices when it came to organizing their books. What you see emerge with the card catalog is not only an effective way to catalog a library but also a set a standards shared by most libraries.

What was role of Library of Congress in this?
It started to come together during Ainsworth Rand Spofford’s tenure as Librarian of Congress. With the copyright law of 1870, which required materials registered for copyright to be deposited with the Library, the collections started growing fast. The antiquated catalog and classification system dating back to Thomas Jefferson wasn’t able to keep up. After the opening of a new Library building, Herbert Putnam became Librarian in 1899, and J.C.M. Hanson and Charles Martel were appointed to lead the new cataloging division. They confronted a collection of more than 800,000 books, hardly any of which had been cataloged by subject. With a larger staff, catalogers created a new classification system, as well as integrating a new system of subject headings.

What was the impact of the Library’s decision to print and distribute cards to other libraries?
In 1901, when Putnam sent a memo to more than 400 libraries announcing the sale of its printed catalog cards, it was really a turning point for the greater library community. The card service was an immediate success, providing either complete sets or individual cards to thousands of public libraries at a reasonable cost. The mass distribution of catalog cards made the Library the standard bearer, allowing smaller libraries across the country to possess the same quality catalog as the greatest libraries in the world and really solidified the Library’s standing as the nation’s library.

In the book, you state that the card catalog was “destined from the start to collapse under its own weight.” Why?
By the 1950s, as the main card catalog at the Library surged to more than 9 million cards in 10,500 trays, staff grew increasingly concerned. In the annual report, the administration worried about “the space-consuming growth of the public card catalogue.” Many university and major public libraries were also facing a severe shortage of space as card catalogs continued to grow year after year.

Many librarians weren’t sad to say goodbye.  Why, and how did they bid farewell?
For librarians, there was a lot of excitement about a new technology, the computer, mixed with a little sadness about dumping the reliable and sturdy card catalog. In the 1970s, libraries nationwide embraced MARC and the computer catalog. Card catalogs quickly began to disappear. A few libraries held mock funerals. But the most interesting example I read about was one library that tied its cards to balloons, then let them float away.

What interesting tidbits did you learn that you didn’t know before?
What many consider the first attempt at a national library card catalog happened during the chaos of the French Revolution, which I find fascinating. In 1791, instructions were issued to local officials to begin cataloging libraries that had been confiscated from exiled or executed aristocrats. The method relied on playing cards, which then were blank on one side. Playing cards were a perfect choice: They were sturdy and roughly the same size, no matter what brand, and could easily be interfiled. Within three years, over a million cards were sent to overwhelmed offices in Paris.

“The Card Catalog,” published by the Library in association with Chronicle Books, is available in the Library of Congress shop or online.

The Lying Game - Ruth Ware

Jul. 24th, 2017 07:00
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Posted by Luanne

If you love psychological suspense, you're going to love Ruth Ware's novels. Her third book, The Lying Game has just released and yes, I loved it!

Isa, Kate, Thea and Fatima all attended the same seaside boarding school. While there, they played what they called The Lying Game. They lied to everyone but adhered to the one rule they laid down - never lie to each other. But their game and their time together abruptly comes to an end when something tragic occurs. Expelled and split up, they go their own ways, except Kate, who stays in Salten. Now grown with careers and families, they only sporadically stay in touch. But, when Kate sends a text with the words 'I need you' to the other three, they immediately come back to Salten. You see, the past can only stay buried so long - and an omission is as good as a lie....

I am a huge fan of 'unreliable narrator' tales - I love trying to suss out what is actually the truth. This time we have multiples - four self proclaimed liars. Isa is our lead character. We see both the present and the past through her eyes and memories. More of what I love - that back and forth only heightens the tension of a book. We know something has happened in the past - unclear references hint at something terrible, but it is never completely spelled out. (And is only finally revealed in the last few chapters.) I need to know what the secret is! The book then switches back to the present - another sure fire technique for keeping me up late reading.

The Lying Game has a mystery at its core, but it is also an exploration of female friendship and familial relationships. These four wouldn't seem to be drawn together as friends - they're all very different in personality and temperament. Ware does a wonderful job portraying and exploring the bonds of friendship, loyalty and time. The same goes for the family piece - what defines a family and where does loyalty lie?

The setting is perfect - a remote coastal town, an isolated school, a ruin of a building that has housed family, friends and secrets for many years, as well as a surrounding village filled with distinctly contentious inhabitants. All of this just adds a great atmospheric backdrop for the all the possibilities, scenarios and questions I came up with.

The Lying Game is a character driven novel with a secret at the heart of it. A secret that changes the course of many lives. It's an addictive read - one I didn't want to put down - and one I finished far too fast again. This reader will be waiting for book number four. Read an excerpt of The Lying Game.

You can connect with Ruth Ware on her website and follow her on Twitter.
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Posted by Gary Price

Here’s a video recording of a recent update (June 29, 2017) from the U.S. Dept. of Education who make the ERIC database available.

ERIC is noted for indexing education resources and making them readily available for research and practice. In 2017, we made improvements that make it easier for users to connect to information that is valuable for research. We are moving forward with additional projects with the goal of making ERIC an even more useful resource.

  • What were the major changes in ERIC this year?
  • Are there new products that can help me use and stay current with ERIC?
  • What improvements are underway?
  • What’s in store for 2018?

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Posted by Gary Price

From The Independent:

EasyJet is hoping to inspire a generation of young flyers to become readers by adding libraries to its planes.

The books in the flybraries – flying libraries – have been chosen by author and former children’s laureate Dame Jacqueline Wilson and include classics like Peter Pan, Alice’s Adventures In Wonderland and The Railway Children.

[Clip]

Children can start the books while on board then download the title to finish on a device while away. The next passenger can then pick up the book. Some 7,000 books are available across the airline’s 147 planes flying to European destinations.

Direct to Full Text Article + Video (via Independent.ie)

More Details in the Easy Jet News Release

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Posted by Gary Price

The following slide deck was presented at the 2017 Boston OA Advocates Meeting, which took place on July 19, 2017 at Lamont Library, Harvard University, Cambridge, MA.

Title

Deposit in Local IR v. Deposit in ResearchGate

Researchers/Presenters

Julia Lovett
University of Rhode Island

Andrée Rathemacher
University of Rhode Island

Direct to Slides
12 pages; PDF.

See Also: Speakers Notes

Research Question

We asked ourselves: “What, are URI [U. of Rhode Island] faculty sitting around all weekend in their bunny slippers, uploading their articles to ResearchGate and Academia.edu? Yet they can’t find the time to comply with our OA Policy?”

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Posted by Samuel Trosow

There as an item on the London City Council agenda for this coming Tuesday July 25, 2017. It includes a recommendation from the Corporate Services Committee (22nd Report, Item #13):

“That the Government of Canada BE SUPPORTED by the City of London by providing information, data, and analysis to inform any trade negotiations with the United States of America, and the City of London’s municipal, community and business partners BE ENCOURAGED to participate in this important endeavor.”

While I am happy to see the City Council address this issue, I am suggesting that the resolution will be more effective if it is broadened a bit to ask the government to publish its negotiation objectives,  for a further briefing and for the opportunity to provide further feedback. . .

To:       Mayor Brown, Councillors Hubert, Helmer, Morgan, Park, Usher, Armstrong, Cassidy,   Hopkins, Ridley, Salih, Squire, Turner, van Holst, Zaifman
From    Samuel E. Trosow <strosow@uwo.ca>
Re:       Added Communication for July 25, 2017, 22nd Corporate Services Committee, #13 (NAFTA)

This communication concerns the response from the City of London to the Government of Canada about the current renegotiation of the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) scheduled to begin next month. I would like to thank Councillors Helmer and Morgan for adding this item to the Corporate Services Committee agenda of July 18, 2017.

NAFTA is an important issue for Canadian municipalities. It is deserving of Council’s attention not only because of its impact on the operations of the Corporation itself, but also because of its significant and potentially adverse effects on the broader community including the agriculture, manufacturing, computer services, healthcare, research, cultural and educational sectors.

As the Council would benefit by understanding Canada’s negotiation objectives, along with a briefing and the opportunity for additional feedback, I believe the resolution would be more effective if it is expanded to read:

“Recognizing that the federal government has the jurisdiction to negotiate trade agreements, and that the NAFTA renegotiations may have substantial impacts on the City of London and the broader Southwestern Ontario region, the London Municipal Council resolves that:

  • The Government of Canada BE REQUESTED to publicize its negotiating objectives for the upcoming NAFTA negotiations and to provide London City Council with a briefing on the negotiations; 
  • the Government of Canada BE REQUESTED to engage in further consultation with the City of London and the broader public on the agreement before its approval; 
  • the City of London engage in this process with the Government of Canada by providing information, data, and analysis to inform its NAFTA negotiations with the United States and Mexico; and that 
  • the City of London encourages its residents and stakeholders from the business, labour, agriculture, manufacturing, healthcare, computer services, research, cultural and educational communities to participate in this important endeavor.”

Thank you for your attention to this important issue, and I hope you find these suggestions helpful.

Samuel  E. Trosow


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Posted by Gary Price

From the University of Winnipeg:

The University of Winnipeg Archives — together with the University of Manitoba, the National Centre for Truth and Reconciliation (NCTR), and Library and Archives Canada (LAC) — is working to increase public access to records documenting the history of Residential Schools in Canada.

[On Thursday], the institutions jointly launched the Truth and Reconciliation Web Archive, a pilot project aimed at preserving and providing access to websites related to the work of the Truth and Reconciliation Commission (TRC) and responses to its Calls to Action.

This new digital archive captures websites, news articles, governmental documents, personal blogs, social media accounts, commentaries, and academic material published online related to the history of the Indian Residential School system and the TRC.

“Many of the records documenting the work of the TRC and the public’s response to its Calls to Action are websites that are at great risk of disappearing without notice,” said Brett Lougheed, UWinnipeg Archivist and Digital Curator. “This resource will preserve these sites before they disappear and provide a central location to access them now and in the future. In this way, we hope to assist Winnipeggers, Manitobans and all Canadians along their paths to reconciliation.”

Recent UWinnipeg graduate, Jasmin Geling (BA, 17), was hired through Young Canada Works to archive relevant websites within the jurisdiction of Manitoba — staff at LAC similarly archived websites of a national scope.

Geling worked closely with Lougheed, under the direction of the NCTR and LAC, to archive nearly 600 webpages for the project. These sites have been captured, described, and curated using the Internet Archive’s Archive-It service.

“I was responsible for outlining and implementing the scope of how these URLs were thematically categorized, creating appropriate metadata to make search results for websites more accessible,” Geling said. “This project was — I would say — part of a new frontier in digital archiving where the pre-determined rules of traditional archival practices were not applicable to digital archives.”

Direct to Truth and Reconciliation Web Archive

See Also: Web Archive on Residential Schools a First (via Winnipeg Free Press)

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Posted by Gary Price

From the JISC Repository:

2017-07-22_09-38-24As part of Jisc’s co-design consultation, Jisc identified six potential challenges that face people working in education and research. The Next Generation Research Environments challenge was one of these six and stated: “We think it’s time to define the future of research environments and determine how such environments can support the current and future needs of researchers.”

Researchers continue to push the boundaries of research, throughout the research lifecycle, using the latest tools and technologies to support their work. Jisc asked the community whether the time has come to define what a next-generation research environment should look like and if modular solutions might satisfy the increasing demands of researchers.

This report was commissioned to investigate the issue in greater detail.

Learn More About the Project, View Recommendations and Actions

Direct to Full Text: Next Generation Research Environments: Discovery Phase Report
12 pages; PDF. 

See Also: Research Data Infrastructures in the UK: Landscape Report
Published June 30, 2017. 57 pages; PDF. 

 

 

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Posted by Luanne

Zip! Zoom! On a Broom by Teri Sloat is the latest in the Gramma and Little Guy reads.

Little Guy knows what Hallowe'en is and immediately labeled the book as a Hallowe'en read from the witches on the cover. We had to look at the witches's faces before opening the book and he found some of them to be 'mean.' Onward to the inside.....

Zip! Zoom! On a Broom is specifically a Hallowe'en themed counting book. Ten witches end up packed onto a broom - we count up as they appear and down as they leave the broom.

The prose are in rhymes that allows the reader to achieve a nice rhythm. But there are a few that seem somewhat stilted and forced and just not quite 'there'. "Seven spiral through a cloud. One witch whirls off, shrieks out loud!" Some of the words used are perhaps a bit above the reading level of those who would pick up this book - incant and plummet definitely are. Those that would perhaps understand those words are beyond counting to ten.

Rosalinde Bonnet's illustrations are quite unique, distinctive and detailed. However I found some of the pages to be just too dark, both physically and in tone. Little Guy found the witches and creatures that populate the pages to be just too mean and scary, especially the wolf that catches the last witch.

We'll try this one again later, but both Gramma and Little Guy can only give it a middle of the road rating - *** - right now.
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Posted by Luanne

- You can't judge a book by its cover - which is very true.
 But you can like one cover version better than another....

US cover
UK cover
I'm a book or two behind in Lee Child's Jack Reacher series as well. The 22nd entry - The Midnight Line - releases this November. The US cover is on the left and the UK cover is on the right. Both covers feature a darker tone and a road leading somewhere. I think I prefer the US cover this week. The font and colours used are more striking. Overall the US cover has a more ominous tone than the UK. I'd be more inclined to pick it up. Which cover do you prefer? Any plans to read The Midnight Line? You Can't Judge A Book By Its Cover is a regular feature at A Bookworm's World.

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Posted by Gary Price

From The Irish Times:

Ger Wilson, head of digital collections at the National Library of Ireland, said that with its research showing that as much as 50 per cent of website content can disappear within a year, it is “highly likely” that some critical material has already disappeared.

She was speaking following the issuing of a tender notice by the library to carry out an extensive crawl of Irish-registered domains later this year. This is part of an attempt to archive the Irish web so that historians of the future will be able to see what the local internet looked like in 2017.

[Clip]

Last week it issued a new tender notice seeking a technical partner to help it carry out a new crawl, which is expected to be completed by late November. The crawl will capture the more than 230,000 websites which belong to the .ie domain as well as other sites that can be identified as being hosted within Ireland and others that are considered to be of Irish interest.

Read the Complete Article

See Also: Direct to Tender Notice (via eTenders.gov.ie)

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Posted by Library and Archives Canada Blog

Library and Archives Canada (LAC) is pleased to announce the launch of its Truth and Reconciliation Commission Web Archive collection. This collection was created in collaboration with the National Centre for Truth and Reconciliation, and the University of Winnipeg and … Continue reading

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