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[personal profile] archersangel posting in [community profile] books
At the same time Adolf Hitler was attempting to take over the western world, his armies were methodically seeking and hoarding the finest art treasures in Europe. The Fuehrer had begun cataloguing the art he planned to collect as well as the art he would destroy: "degenerate" works he despised. In a race against time, behind enemy lines, often unarmed, a special force of American and British museum directors, curators, art historians, and others, called the Monuments Men, risked their lives scouring Europe to prevent the destruction of thousands of years of culture. Focusing on the eleven-month period between D-Day and V-E Day, this fascinating account follows six Monuments Men and their impossible mission to save the world's great art from the Nazis.

It's the book the movie was based on. I really wanted to see the move, but couldn't get past my dislike of movies with George Clooney and/or Matt Damon.
A note about the movie: Among those leaked e-mails from Sony studios was one from Clooney (who directed as well as acted) apologizing for the movie not doing very well. My brother saw it on one of those "entertainment news" shows where they tried to make it seem like it was a bad thing, but my brother said: "If anything, it makes him seem like an even nicer guy than you hear about. that whole "gentleman George" thing,"

The book was interesting, if long & is one of those forgotten stories of World War 2 that more people should know about it. To that end, they have an official site about the real men (& women) behind the story. And there's a monuments men foundation to help preserve art that is in danger from armed conflicts today. they are also looking for info on missing cultural objects from WW2 & other wars.

I've read several books about little known or forgotten people & stories of WW2 & am convinced that if a movie studio just did movies about them, they could put out movies for at least a decade.

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Posted by Gary Price

From the Vancouver Courier:

Vancouver heritage junkies, local history buffs and nosy neighbours, your cries have been heard. In an ambitious undertaking, staff at the City of Vancouver Archives have been busy digitizing nearly 7,000 black-and-white 35mm negatives — taken in 1978 and 1986 as part of two separate heritage surveys — for the public to access, ogle and explore online.

It’s a treasure trove of images, documenting thousands of Vancouver heritage homes at time when few considered a house’s heritage. According to city archivist Heather Gordon, the archives has been digitizing its photographic holdings since 1997, mostly through grants and donations from groups such as Friends of the Vancouver City Archives. Digitizing the heritage inventory from 1978 and 1986 is part of the archives’ 2017 grant from the B.C. History Digitization Program.

[Clip]

There are approximately 6,900 images in all — a third are from 1978, and two thirds were taken from 1985 and 1986, when the Vancouver Heritage Advisory Committee hired work students to take photos and document pre-1950s homes and structures around the city. While the 1978 survey focused solely on houses, the 1986 survey was expanded to include monuments, churches, community centres and lots.

Gordon expects the archives will have most of the photos from the heritage surveys digitized and online by the end of the month. It’s a large dump of images, but a small fraction of the 1.6 million photographs the archives has in its holdings. By the end of this project, Gordon says the archives will have put close to 125,000 objects online.

View the Digitized Images

Read the Complete Article

See Also: City of Vancouver Archives Website

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Posted by Gary Price

From The Sun Chronicle:

A publicly funded poster exhibit extolling press freedom has been removed from the Boyden Public Library following complaints over what some regarded as “graphic” and “inappropriate” content.

Stephen Lewis, a collector and former union official, had produced the display, which consisted of more than 20 posters protesting threats to freedom or describing dangers faced by news-gatherers around the world in reporting on terrorism, war and corruption.

[Clip]

[Kevin] Penders [chairman of the board of library trustees denied censorship was an issue, but did say library trustees and personnel received complaints from multiple sources about the suitability of the content.

[Clip]

Penders said he could not comment in detail on how artistic displays at the library are vetted, but said approving artwork is generally not a matter for trustees. He said that process will be reviewed in the future.

Learn More, Read the Complete Article

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Posted by Michael Geist

Bell, Canada’s largest telecom company, has called on the government to support radical copyright and broadcast distribution reforms as part of the NAFTA renegotiation. Their proposals include the creation of a mandated website blocking system without judicial review overseen by the CRTC and the complete criminalization of copyright with criminal provisions attached to all commercial infringement. Bell also supports an overhaul of the current retransmission system for broadcasters, supporting a “consent model” that would either keep U.S. channels out of the Canadian market or dramatically increase their cost of access while maintaining simultaneous substitution.

The Bell positions were articulated at hearing this week of the Standing Committee on International Trade on NAFTA (I appeared earlier in the week before the same committee). The first hour included representatives from both Rogers and Bell. The Rogers position on copyright struck a reasonable balance:

The 2012 Copyright Modernization Act was carefully developed by Parliament over many years and is designed to serve the interests of all Canadians in its balance between rights holders and uses of copyrighted works. We are concerned that a trade renegotiation, where copyright issues are used as bargaining chips, could endanger this delicate balance. In our view, any changes to our domestic copyright laws should be made through the upcoming five-year review of the Copyright Modernization Act, not through the NAFTA renegotiation.

In other words, Rogers believes that changes to Canadian copyright law should come through an open, public process, not behind closed doors in a trade negotiation.

By contrast, Bell took precisely the opposite approach, urging the government to use secretive trade discussions to establish copyright reforms that would be unlikely to ever garner public or policy support. Indeed, it seems likely that the only way Canada could end up with a mandated website blocking system overseen by the CRTC would be to cook it up in a trade negotiation.

Bell focused on piracy during its presentation, arguing that website blocking is the best solution:

Our view on how we solve the piracy problem is it is not sort of coming up with new technological measures, it’s blocking access to piracy. How do you do that? We would like to see measures put in place whereby all Internet service providers are required to block consumer access to pirated websites. In our view, that is the only way to stop it. So you would mandate all ISPs across the country to essentially block access to a black list of egregious piracy sites. That would be job number one.

How does Bell envision this working?  When asked, Bell’s representative stated:

In our view it would be an independent agency that would be charged with that task. You certainly would not want ISPs acting as censors as to what content is pirate content. But, surely, an independent third party agency could be formed, could create a black list of pirate sites and then the ISPs would be required to block it. That is at a high level how we would see it unfolding, perhaps overseen by a regulator like the CRTC.

This is not a misprint. Bell would like the CRTC to police allegations of copyright infringement by overseeing a new website blocking agency charged with creating a block list. Incredibly, Bell’s proposal involves no court oversight, hoping to create a mandatory system for blocking websites that excludes the due process that comes from judicial review (raising obvious Charter of Rights and Freedoms concerns). Notably, Bell does not discuss that Canada already has a provision in the Copyright Act that allows rights holders to target websites that enable infringement.

Moreover, Bell also wants to introduce criminal liability for all commercial copyright infringement. During the opening remarks, it said “Canada should also create a criminal provision for any infringement of copyright, including facilitating and enabling piracy where it is undertaken for commercial purpose.” Since Canada already has a provision to target sites that enable infringement, Bell’s goal is to dramatically expand the prospect of criminal liability for infringement by opening the door to criminal sanction for all commercial copyright infringement. Since some groups have argued that even non-commercial activity could have a commercial impact, the proposal could conceivably capture a wide range of common activities. As with the mandated website blocking proposal, Bell is hoping that the government support inclusion of criminal copyright in NAFTA, thereby ensuring that it does not go through the same policy and public review as other copyright reforms.

The Bell proposals (which sit alongside broadcast distribution proposals that would enshrine simultaneous substitution in NAFTA and create the prospect of blocked U.S. channels under a consent model) suggest that the company’s position as a common carrier representing the concerns of ISPs and their subscribers is long over. Instead, Bell’s copyright advocacy goes beyond what even some U.S. rights holders have called for, envisioning new methods of using copyright law to police the Internet with oversight from the CRTC and implementing such provisions through NAFTA.

The post Bell Calls for CRTC-Backed Website Blocking System and Complete Criminalization of Copyright in NAFTA appeared first on Michael Geist.

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Posted by Gary Price

From Violation Tracker/Good Jobs First:

vt_logo-full_1 (1)An expansion of Violation Tracker, the first public database of corporate crime and misconduct in the United States, now makes it possible to access details of cases ranging from the big business scandals of the early 2000s during the Bush administration through those of the Trump administration to date. Violation Tracker, produced by the Corporate Research Project of Good Jobs First, is available at no charge.

“With coverage from 2000 onward, Violation Tracker now spans the entire modern corporate crime wave from Enron and WorldCom through Wells Fargo and Volkswagen,” said Good Jobs First Research Director Philip Mattera, who leads the work on the database. Previously the database covered the period since 2010.

The expansion nearly doubles the size of Violation Tracker to 300,000 entries, which together account for more than $394 billion in fines and settlements. As a measure of how corporate crime is concentrated within big business, 95 percent of those penalty values were assessed against only 2,800 large parent companies whose subsidiaries are linked together in the database. Approximately 200,000 smaller businesses account for the remaining five percent of the dollar total.

[Clip]

Violation Tracker’s entries, which come from more than 40 federal regulatory agencies and the major divisions of the U.S. Justice Department, cover a wide array of civil and criminal offenses, including: violations of environmental, workplace safety, drug safety, consumer product safety, and transportation safety regulations; banking, securities, and accounting fraud; price-fixing; collective bargaining and fair labor standards violations; employment discrimination; False Claims Act cases; foreign bribery; money laundering; and corporate tax evasion. Cases handled solely by individual U.S. Attorney offices and by state agencies will be added later.

A full list of covered agencies is provided here.

Each entry links to an official online information source. In many cases, we also link to archival copies of documents preserved on the Good Jobs First server. The latter include some 3,500 entries created from documents obtained via Freedom of Information Act requests when agency data was not available online. Several of those FOIA requests are still pending.

Violation Tracker enables searching the data in numerous ways. The latest addition is a feature allowing for searches by NAICS industry codes for entries from agencies that provide that information.

Direct to Violation Tracker

Read the Complete Announcement

See Also: Subsidy Tracker
Also from Good Jobs First. “Subsidy Tracker is the first national search engine for economic development subsidies and other forms of government financial assistance to business.”

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Posted by Gary Price

Two reports below.

Visit to Darby Free Library

From The Delaware County Daily Times:

Librarian of Congress Carla Hayden, Ph.D., stopped by to meet with local students and library officials and to read a couple of stories for her audience on the second floor of the historic library.

She described her first trip to the country’s oldest public, continuous service library – opened in 1743 – as cool.

“You go into this little gym of a library and think about the Quakers, their ethics and ethos of what they believed in,” she said. “You get that spirit and then you come inside and there are these 21st century kids.”

[Clip]

Hayden made Darby Free Library a stop during her trip to Philadelphia which included appearances at the Philadelphia Museum of Art, the Philadelphia Free Library and the Rosenbach Museum & Library.

Visit to Philadelphia Free Library

From the PFL Blog:

Earlier this week, Librarian of Congress Dr. Carla Hayden made a whirlwind visit to the Rosenbachand the Parkway Central Library, and we couldn’t have been more thrilled to have her!

[Clip]

Dr. Hayden sat in on a conversation about the civic engagement initiatives underway around the system when she stopped by a meeting of the Library Cluster Leaders. Siobhan Reardon, President and Director of the Free Library, escorted Dr. Hayden throughout the day, showing her our innovative Culinary Literacy Center as well as the construction site where new public spaces will soon rise at Parkway Central Library. She even made a stop at the new Corridor of Cultureexhibition, which celebrates the 100th anniversary of the Benjamin Franklin Parkway.

Read the Complete Blog Post, View Several Images

 

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Posted by Wendi Maloney

From left, Lucia Maziar, library director at the U.S. Coast Guard Academy; David Schaffter, acting director of academy libraries at the U.S. Air Force Academy; Christopher Barth, librarian and associate dean at the U.S. Military Academy; Donna Selvaggio, chief librarian at the U.S. Merchant Marine Academy; Larry Clemens, library director at the U.S. Naval Academy; and Carla Hayden, Librarian of Congress. Photo by Shawn Miller.

The Library of Congress and the U.S. military service academies signed a cooperative agreement this week to provide researchers with enhanced access to the institutions’ collections and grow representation of service members in the Library’s collections—including the Veterans History Project.

The three-year agreement, which took effect on September 18, provides greater access for Library researchers to the collections of the U.S. Air Force Acad­emy, the U.S. Coast Guard Academy, the U.S. Merchant Marine Academy, the U.S. Military Academy and the U.S. Naval Academy and greater access to Library collections for the academies.

Librarian of Congress Carla Hayden and representatives of the five academies signed the agreement at a ceremonial gathering in the Jefferson Building.

“A major reason the Library of Con­gress is a world leader is because many of the collaborations that it has forged with institutions and organizations across the country and around the world give it its strength,” Hayden said.

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Posted by Gary Price

From EOS (American Geophysical Union):

GeoDeepDive combines library science, computer science, and geoscience to dive into repositories of published text, tables, and figures and return valuable information.

[Clip]

Scientific publications contain measurements, descriptions, and images that have utility beyond the aims of the original work, particularly when they are aggregated into databases. For example, the Paleobiology Database contains field- and museum-based descriptions of more than 1.3 million fossil occurrences compiled from some 50,000 references, and sample-based geochemical data from the published literature are available in EarthChem. Both databases can be used to address fundamental scientific questions, but neither is complete. Plus, adding to existing literature-based data syntheses and constructing new ones is difficult and can be prohibitively time-consuming.

The primary goal of our U.S. National Science Foundation EarthCube building block project, GeoDeepDive, is to facilitate the creation and augmentation of literature-derived databases and to leverage published knowledge and past investments in data acquisition. The project combines library science (the aggregation and curation of digital documents and bibliographic metadata), geoscience (the generation of research questions and labeling of terms in externally managed scientific ontologies), and computer science (the use of high-throughput computing infrastructure and machine reading systems to parse and extract data from millions of documents)

Much More (including several figures) in the Complete Article (approx. 1800 words)

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Posted by Gary Price

From the USCO/Library of Congress:

The U.S. Copyright Office today begins its release of refreshed and updated circulars to provide up-to-date and authoritative copyright information for a broad general audience.

This release of 31 circulars represents a wide range of topics including copyright fundamentals, core Office procedures, Licensing Division practices, and work-specific application tips

Remaining circulars will be released on a rolling basis through the end of 2017.

From the Library of Congress Copyright Blog:

2017-09-22_11-06-25The updated circulars are available here, and a table of topics can be found here.

All circulars share a few of the same design elements to help you decide whether a particular circular is right for you:

  • On the left-hand side, we’ve provided a brief overview of the circular’s contents. You can scan this list for a preview of what’s inside, and determine whether to read on.
  • In the top right hand corner, we have the circular number. Just a quick glance will let you know if you’re in the right place
  • There’s one footnote that provides the authoritative sources of copyright law and Office practices and procedures. While circulars are authoritative resources for copyright information, it’s always best to turn to the copyright lawregulations, or Compendium of U.S. Copyright Office Practices for a citation and the full details.

Each circular released this week reflects these design changes.

Resources

The updated circulars are available here, and a table of topics can be found here.

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Posted by Gary Price

The following research article was recently made available online by the Journal of Librarianship and Scholarly Communication.

Title

Measuring Cost per Use of Library-Funded Open Access Article Processing Charges: Examination and Implications of One Method

Authors

Crystal Hampson
University of Saskatchewan

Elizabeth Stregger
Mount Allison University, CA

Source

Journal of Librarianship and Scholarly Communication (JLSC);  5(1)
eP2182
doi: 10.7710/2162-3309.2182

Abstract

INTRODUCTION

Libraries frequently support their open access (OA) fund using money from their collections budget. Interest in assessment of OA funds is arising. Cost per use is a common method to assess library collections expenditures. OA article processing charges (APCs) are a one-time cost for global, perpetual use. Article level metrics provide data on global, cumulative article level usage. This article examines a method and discusses the limitations and implications of using article level metrics to calculate cost per use for OA APCs.

METHODS Using different APC models from two publishers, PLOS and BioMed Central, this article presents a cost per use formula for each model.

RESULTS The formula for each model is demonstrated with available data. The examples suggest a very low cost per use for OA APCs after only three years.

DISCUSSION Several limitations exist to obtaining article level data currently, including the nature of open access and accessibility of the data. OA articles’ usage levels are high and include use from altruistic access. Cost per use comparison with traditional publishing models is possible; however, comparison between different OA expenditures with very low costs per use may not be helpful.

CONCLUSION Article level metrics can provide a means to measure cost per use of OA APCs. Libraries need increased access to article level usage data. They will also need to develop new benchmarks and expectations to evaluate APC payments, given higher usage levels for OA articles and considering altruistic access.

Direct to Full Text Article
20 pages; PDF

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Posted by Wendi Maloney

This is a guest post by Julie Stoner, a reference librarian in the Geography and Map Division. It was first published on “Picture This,” the Prints and Photographs Division’s blog.

We’re highlighting the subject of Stoner’s post—Civil War drawings by Adolph Metzner—in our “free to use and reuse” feature on the Library’s home page. The home page showcases content from the Library’s collections that has no known copyright restrictions—meaning you can use the content as you wish. The Prints and Photographs Division recently digitized Metzner’s drawings and made them publicly available for the first time on the website.

Battle of Peach Tree Creek, Ga., 1864, by Adolph Metzner

As an admirer of Civil War drawings, I found my interest piqued by a recently digitized collection of drawings by Adolph G. Metzner. The difference in style from many other drawings of the time, along with the richness of color, drew me in to learn more about this man and his artwork.

Born on August 13, 1834, in southwestern Germany, Adolph Metzner immigrated to the United States in 1856. Shortly after the start of the Civil War, Metzner joined the 32nd Regiment Indiana Volunteer Infantry, also called the First German, fighting for three years on the western front of the war.

Adolph Metzner, c. 1861–65

During the years with his regiment, Metzner sketched any material available, drawing everything from portraits of his comrades to scenes of battle and death.

Adolph Metzner, Lieutenant Louis von Trebra and Jacob Labinsky, Huntsville, Ala., 1862

Lost on the Field of Chickamauga, 1863

One of the reasons I enjoy Civil War drawings is they can be a better medium for capturing movement, action or emotion as opposed to the photographs of the era. As an example, for me, the drawing below really gives the viewer a sense of the misery of marching in the mud and rain and how inglorious war can be.

Green River, 1861

Another aspect of these drawings that I find intriguing is how they complement the photograph album of Adolph Metzner that his daughter Helen Metzner gave to the Library of Congress 60 years before it acquired the drawings. The album consists of photographic portraits of the 32nd Regiment collected by Metzner. With both the photo album and the drawings, the observer can get different perspectives of the men in the regiment. For example, I am tickled by the contrast between the formal photographic portrait of Lieutenant Colonel Karl Friedrich Heinrich von Trebra and the caricature drawn by Metzner.

Photograph of Lieutenant Colonel Karl Friedrich Heinrich von Trebra by Wilhelm Grundner, c. 1850

“Attention!” Adolph Metzner drawing of Lieutenant Colonel Karl Friedrich Heinrich von Trebra, 1861

As another example, the drawings give us a glimpse into the personalities of otherwise unknown people such as Private Jacob Labinsky, whom Metzner labels in the drawing as “The Camp Comedian.”

Portrait photograph of Jacob Labinsky, c. 1861–65

Jacob Labinsky by Adolph Metzner, 1861

Metzner’s 137 drawings constitute the largest collection of drawings from the Civil War’s western front campaigns so far in the Library of Congress collections. You can enjoy all 137 Adolph Metzner drawings with me as they are now digitized and currently available for viewing or downloading in the Prints and Photographs Online Catalog.

Scroll down for more examples and write a note in the comments section of this post if you find an interesting way to use a digitized image!

Chicken Thieves Being Disciplined, Camp Nevin, Ky., 1861

Learn More

Beginning of the Atlanta Campaign, 1864

Company A Hospital Steward Carl Bayer, c. 1861–64

Lookout Mountain, Tennessee, 1863

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Posted by Library and Archives Canada Blog

By Russell White The World Wide Web is the defining communications medium of our era, and a vital source of Canadian documentary heritage. At the same time, websites lack the durability of analogue materials and have a limited lifetime online. … Continue reading
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Posted by Luanne

- You can't judge a book by its cover - which is very true.
 But you can like one cover version better than another....

US cover
UK cover
Another debut novel that caught my eye - The Visitors by Catherine Burns. The US cover is on the left and the UK cover is on the right. Two pretty different looks this week. The UK cover employs a very dark tone, in cover image, tagline and colour. Very ominous. And yet, I have to say, that I would be inclined to pick up the US cover. I would be curious as to who The Visitors are. I like the cover shot a lot - that peeling wallpaper is a great image. So, I'm going to go with the US cover this week. I find the UK cover just too lurid. Which cover do you prefer? Any plans to read The Visitors?
You Can't Judge A Book By Its Cover is a regular feature at A Bookworm's World.
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Posted by Gary Price

From a Joint Announcement:

The American Geophysical Union (AGU) and Atypon announced today a joint initiative to develop Earth and Space Science Open Archive (ESSOAr), a community server for the open dissemination of Earth and space science preprints and rich conference presentations. Development of the server, community engagement, and policies and practices will be a community effort guided by an international advisory board that will include representatives from societies across the Earth and space sciences.

Its initial development will be supported by Wiley, AGU’s publishing partner.

Atypon is building the new open access Earth and space science preprint server on top of its online publishing platform, Literatum.

[Clip]

ESSOAr will extend the traditional role of archiving manuscripts by also allowing researchers the option to preserve and to make citable presentations, posters, and related multimedia content from scientific conferences. More than 50,000 posters are presented across Earth and space science conferences, including about 17,000 at the AGU Fall Meeting. These are rich presentations of original research that can add to the understanding of the scientific process, but unless a follow-up article is published on the topic, that science is no longer discoverable. Their preservation will greatly increase scientific transparency.

[Clip]

An advisory board will help guide ESSOAr, and currently includes participation from the Association for the Sciences of Limnology and Oceanography, Earth Science Information Partners, European Geosciences Union, Geochemical Society, Geological Society of America (GSA), Japan Geoscience Union (JpGU), and Society of Exploration Geophysicists. “GSA is pleased to participate in this advisory group to explore all the options for preprint publications,” said Vicki McConnell, Executive Director, GSA.

[Clip]

ESSOAr will begin accepting content in 2018.

Read the Complete Announcement

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Posted by Gary Price

From the EBSCOpost Blog:

As Hurricane Harvey bore down on Texas and Irma lined itself up to hit the Caribbean and Florida, we reached out to the staff at the New Orleans Public Library and asked them to answer some questions about recovering from Katrina, and pass on some words of wisdom about disaster recovery. Now that Hurricane Maria has taken its toll on the Caribbean, we hope these thoughts provide some guidance to librarians affected by the 2017 hurricanes and some support for the long road ahead.

Read the Complete Blog Post (approx. 1900 words)

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Posted by Gary Price

From U. of Arkansas:

A high-density storage facility is under construction off Hill Avenue in south Fayetteville, designed to house University Libraries items in a climate-controlled environment. The 27,000-square-foot storage facility will hold approximately 1.8 million volumes when filled to capacity. The facility will also have a preservation and conservation area where materials will be cleaned, repaired and restored, as well as a workspace area for staff.

2017-09-21_15-34-38

An architectural rendering of what the high-density Library Storage Building will look like when completed (via U. of Arkansas; Courtesy of Perry Dean Rogers)

The new Library Storage Building represents a new and innovative era for the University Libraries on many levels, but in particular, the LSB will be the first demonstration of mass timber design and construction in the state of Arkansas,” said Peter MacKeith, dean of the Fay Jones School of Architecture.

[Clip]

Cross-laminated timber, known in the trade as CLT, originated in Germany and Austria in the 1990s, and is a cost-competitive, sustainable, and environmentally friendly alternative to concrete, masonry and steel construction. A CLT panel is constructed of timber planks that are stacked, glued and laminated in perpendicular layers under heavy pressure. The panels are pre-fabricated according to the builder’s specifications, then shipped to the building site and assembled, greatly reducing the construction time and eliminating construction waste.

CLT panels offer many advantages over traditional construction methods and materials, including improved dimensional stability to wide and tall construction, such as in the Libraries’ storage facility. In addition to providing a higher fire resistance and a higher building hardening rating on the Fujita tornado scale, CLT panels are lighter and thinner than steel and concrete construction, allowing for less massive foundations, structural supports, and roof, all of which make the building more cost effective to build. They also offer sound insulation, long term structural integrity and durability (even rated against earthquakes), and warm more quickly and hold warmth longer than concrete and steel.

Direct to U. of Arkansas Future Library Storage Facility FAQs

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Posted by Gary Price

The following preprint was recently posted on SSRN. The video embedded below was recorded on Wednesday, September 20, 2017.

Title

Authors
Science Is Shaped by Wikipedia: Evidence from a Randomized Control Trial

Authors

Neil Thompson
Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) – Sloan School of Management
MIT Computer Science and Artificial Intelligence Lab (CSAIL)

Douglas Hanley
University of Pittsburgh

Source

via SSRN
Posted on September 19, 2017

Abstract

“I sometimes think that general and popular treatises are almost as important for the progress of science as original work.” – Charles Darwin, 1865

As the largest encyclopedia in the world, it is not surprising that Wikipedia reflects the state of scientific knowledge. However, Wikipedia is also one of the most accessed websites in the world, including by scientists, which suggests that it also has the potential to shape science. This paper shows that it does.

Incorporating ideas into a Wikipedia article leads to those ideas being used more in the scientific literature. This paper documents this in two ways: correlationally across thousands of articles in Wikipedia and causally through a randomized control trial where we add new scientific content to Wikipedia. We find that the causal impact is strong, with Wikipedia influencing roughly one in every three hundred words in related scientific journal articles.

Our findings speak not only to the influence of Wikipedia, but more broadly to the influence of repositories of scientific knowledge. The results suggest that increased provision of information in accessible repositories is a cost-effective way to advance science. We also find that such gains are equity-improving, disproportionately benefitting those without traditional access to scientific information.

Direct to Download Article and/or Read Online

From a MIT Sloan School of Management News Release

Neil C. Thompson, assistant professor of Technological Innovation at the Sloan School at MIT and a colleague, Douglas Hanley from the University of Pittsburgh, studied the power of Wikipedia, the 5th most used website in the world, and found that the website can have a profound impact on scientific literature.

Thompson and his colleagues commissioned graduate students in chemistry to create new Wikipedia articles on scientific topics missing from Wikipedia.  These newly-created articles were then randomized with half being added to Wikipedia and half being held back. The articles they uploaded got thousands of views per month, and later investigation revealed that researchers writing in the scientific literature were more likely to use the words from the uploaded articles than the ones held-back.

“Our research shows that scientists are using Wikipedia and that it is influencing how they write about the science that they are doing,” says Thompson. “Wikipedia isn’t just a record of what’s going on in science, it’s actually helping to shape science.”

The authors find that, for a typical article in the field, Wikipedia is influencing one word in every three-hundred.  The effect is also stronger for developing counties where scientists may have less access to traditional science journals.  “Public sources of scientific information such as Wikipedia,” says Thompson. “Are incredibly important for spreading knowledge to people who are not usually part of the conversation.”

“We hope that funding agencies take note,” said Hanley, “this is a very cost-effective way to enhance the dissemination scientific knowledge.”

This study shows that increased provision of information in accessible repositories, such as Wikipedia, is an important way to advance science and make science more inclusive.

Wikimedia Research Showcase Presentation by Professor Neil C. Thompson at (September 20, 2017)

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Posted by Gary Price

From the U.S. Dept. of Justice:

…OIP [Office of Information Policy] is pleased to announce the results of its collaboration with GSA’s 18F team on the discovery phase of development of a National FOIA Portal.  As we enter development, we want to again solicit both public and agency participation in providing feedback on our work.

[Clip]

In April 2017, the Office of Information Policy (OIP) announced its partnership with the General Services Administration’s (GSA) 18F team to create a consolidated online request portal.  To begin the project, OIP compiled a team with members including its own FOIA subject matter experts, 18F’s digital services team, and technical staff from DOJ’s Office of the Chief Information Officer and contractor support.  The team began by embarking on a “discovery phase” that included conducting extensive research, interviewing requesters, agencies, and the advocacy community, and testing prototypes of possible functionality.  The discovery phase focused on four categories of potential functionality:  the ability to submit a request to any agency, interoperability (i.e., making the new portal work with other existing systems), generating status updates, and the option to search for already released records.

[Clip]

The work on this project is being done in the open (on Github), so that anyone can follow our work and provide feedback.  We urge you to follow our progress and participate.  One of our first priorities is a solution for portal interoperability with agencies’ existing case management systems.  We are particularly interested in feedback from agencies’ technical experts on the API schemas we are developing for the purpose of interoperability.

Direct to Full Text Report 

Direct to PDF Version of Report

New Online: James K. Polk Papers

Sep. 21st, 2017 17:00
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Posted by Wendi Maloney

Engraved portrait of James Polk.

This is a guest post by Michelle Krowl, a historian in the Manuscript Division.

“Twelve months ago this day, a very important conversation took place in Cabinet between myself and Mr. Buchanan on the Oregon question. This conversation was of so important a character, that I deemed it proper on the same evening to reduce the substance of it to writing for the purpose of retaining it, more distinctly in my memory,” President James K. Polk wrote on August 26, 1846. “It was this circumstance which first suggested to me the idea, if not the necessity of keeping a journal or diary, of events, and transactions which might occur during my Presidency.” Polk fulfilled his pledge to keep a presidential diary, recording the significant or noteworthy events in his life from August 26, 1845, to June 2, 1849. Consisting of 25 volumes, Polk’s diary is part of the James K. Polk Papers at the Library of Congress, now available online.

Polk wrote of his decision to keep a presidential diary on August 26, 1846.

Early in his administration, President Polk shared with Secretary of the Navy George Bancroft his four key goals: tariff reduction, establishment of an independent treasury, settlement of the Oregon boundary question with Great Britain and the acquisition of California and other western territory. Each objective was achieved during Polk’s presidency and duly chronicled in his diary, as is the war with Mexico prosecuted during his administration.

Although Polk’s opinions on political issues dominate most entries in his diary, he also offers his observations on the presidency and individuals in political life and sheds light on his own personality. Polk devoted almost all of his time and energy to the presidency and frequently commented in his diary about being confined at the White House. “I have performed great labour and incurred vast responsibilities,” Polk noted in January 1847, nearly two years into his term. “In truth, though I occupy a very high position, I am the hardest-working man in the country.” Even public receptions at the White House were scheduled to allow him to “devote the balance of the evenings of the week to business in my office.” In sum, Polk concluded on April 7, 1846, “it is emphatically true that the Presidency is ‘no bed of roses.’”

Only on occasion did Polk allow himself some much-needed diversions. Sometimes he and his wife, Sarah, would dine with friends or political associates or take short excursions outside of the capital, such as to Fort Monroe in August 1846. He enjoyed a quick trip in 1847 to his alma mater at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, followed by a two-week tour of the North beginning on June 22. Polk recognized the physical strain the long hours of work put on him, which “rendered some recreation necessary.” Entertainment imposed upon him, however, could prompt his scorn. On February 6, 1846, the young people in his household arranged for a juggler to perform at the White House and encouraged the president to attend the gathering. “Mr Alexander exhibited his art, greatly to their wonder and amusement,” Polk noted, “but I thought the time unprofitably spent.”

Polk complained about political patronage in this diary entry from January 7, 1847.

Like many presidents before and after him, Polk had nothing but scorn for the constant stream of office-seekers looking for political patronage. Many diary entries contain disparaging comments about those engaged in “the contemptible business of seeking office.” In a long entry devoted to the subject on January 7, 1847, Polk lamented the uselessness of congressional references after one senator admitted he recommended a candidate who was “without character & wholly unqualified” because congressmen were “obliged to recommend our constituents when they apply to us.” The president specifically identified Senator Sidney Breese of Illinois as “the most troublesome and inveterate seeker for office for his friends.”

Polk pledged to serve only a single term as president, a vow that he kept. Having turned over the stress and responsibility of the presidency to his successor Zachary Taylor, Polk rejoiced in his diary on March 4, 1849, that he was sure to be “a happier man in my retirement,– than I have been during the four years I have filled the highest office, in the gift of my countrymen.”

After meeting his every goal as president, however, he failed to achieve his fondest wish as a private citizen. He returned to his home in Tennessee via a southern route, where cholera was a concern. His diary records his attendance at many public functions along the way, and his corresponding physical fatigue at having done so. His constitution likely weakened by four years of toil, Polk succumbed to illness and was unable to continue his diary after June 2. James K. Polk died in Nashville on June 15, 1849, having enjoyed just over three months of retirement.

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Posted by Bibliofuture

Topic: 
About 300 residents packed a South Side auditorium Wednesday night to demand that the promise of jobs, economic development and other benefits of the Obama presidential library center be put in writing.

The activists and residents want a community benefits agreement, something many say will protect the neighborhoods and people the center may displace.

Full article



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Posted by Gary Price

From Opera:

Opera becomes the first browser to support 360-degree videos in virtual reality headsets! This new developer update comes with a built-in VR 360 player for leading headsets such as HTC ViveOculus Rift and other OpenVR compatible devices, unlocking the immersive world of 360-degree videos for Opera users.

The rapid growth of 360 videos and soon WebVR bring an exciting revolution for VR content on the web. However, with limited software support, it has been difficult for VR headset owners to easily enjoy the fast growing library of 360-degree content on Youtube, Facebook and other video portals.

So far they had to use inconvenient workarounds: download the video first, including spending time on finding a “download” button and waiting for the download, then. Then quit the browser and launch a separate player app. It wastes time and bandwidth on blindly downloading a video. Sounds ancient.

The newest Opera developer version comes with VR 360 player feature enabled and will automatically detect an installed VR headset. When a user browses to a video, a button above the video (next to Opera’s video pop out button) labeled ‘Watch in VR’ will appear. One simple click will engulf the viewer into the 360-degree world offered by the video.

We want to bring the best web experience to our users. That’s why Opera has begun to focus on creating and embedding direct VR playback into the browser. This functionality enables users to watch virtual reality videos, and standard 2D videos, instantly through their VR headsets.

MUCH More in the Complete Blog Post

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Posted by Gary Price

From The Huntington in San Marion, CA:

2017-09-21_11-27-51Sandra Ludig Brooke, Librarian of the Marquand Library of Art and Archaeology at Princeton University, has been named the Avery Director of the Library at The Huntington Library, Art Collections, and Botanical Gardens, The Huntington’s Interim President, Steve Hindle, announced on Wednesday. She joins the staff in early January 2018.

“It is with enormous enthusiasm that we bring Sandra on board to lead the Library division at this transformative time,” said Hindle. “Libraries—including significant rare book and manuscript libraries like The Huntington—are undergoing spectacular shifts in the way that they function, underscored by the rapid changes in technology. Tremendous opportunities lie ahead for making our collections more discoverable, and more relevant, than ever before, and we look forward to Sandra and her very capable team leading the way forward.”

Brooke succeeds David Zeidberg, who has served as director for the past 21 years.

“This is an auspicious moment for research libraries,” said Brooke. “Rare book and manuscript collections are astonishingly nuanced embodiments of the cultures that created them. Today, digital technologies offer myriad ways to magnify the impact of these rare and precious materials—to enhance their discovery and make new kinds of scholarly inquiry possible. It’s an exhilarating time, and I look forward to being a part of it at The Huntington.”

For the past 10 years, Brooke has overseen the Marquand Library’s staff and collections. The Library is one of the oldest and most extensive art libraries in the United States, attracting more than 150,000 visitors each year. Its collection comprises a full range of library materials to support research in art and architecture, the decorative arts, photography, and archaeology from prehistory to the present. She previously was head of collection development at the Williams College Libraries and an editor for the J. Paul Getty Trust’s Bibliography of the History of Art, and has done curatorial and museum education work at the Yale Center for British Art and the Sterling and Francine Clark Art Institute. She holds B.A. and M.A. degrees in art history from Northwestern University and Williams College, respectively, and did graduate work in the history of art at Yale University where her principal research was in 18th and 19th century British art. She also holds a master’s degree in library science from the State University of New York at Albany.

At The Huntington, she will be responsible for a staff of more than 70 and a world-renowned collection of some 9 million rare books and manuscripts covering, principally, British and American history, literature, art, and the history of science, stretching from the 11th century to the present. Among the collections are 7 million manuscripts, 420,000 rare books, 275,000 reference books, and 1.3 million photographs, prints, and ephemera.

She will serve as one of 10 members of the Huntington’s senior staff, reporting to the President. Central to the Library’s mission is its work with scholars; some 1,700 or so access the collections each year conducting advanced research in the humanities. The Library also is responsible for a Main Exhibition Hall, showcasing some of the most significant rare books and manuscripts in the collection; for the Dibner Hall of the History of Science, a permanent exhibition on astronomy, natural history, medicine, and light; and a temporary exhibition space which most recently displayed an acclaimed exhibition on the work of science fiction author Octavia E. Butler.

Among the Library’s most iconic holdings are the Ellesmere manuscript of Chaucer’s Canterbury Tales (ca. 1400–1405); one of 12 vellum copies of the Gutenberg Bible known to exist (ca. 1455); quarto and folio editions of Shakespeare’s plays, some of which were printed during the writer’s lifetime; the monumental Birds of America by John J. Audubon; and the original manuscript of Benjamin Franklin’s autobiography. Newer holdings include manuscript collections from writers Charles Bukowski, Octavia E. Butler, Jack London, and Hilary Mantel.

Source Post

See Also: Learn More About the Library’s Collection

Direct to the Huntington Digital Collection

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Posted by Gary Price

From The San Antonio Express-News:

BiblioTech [located in San Antonio, Texas] counts [Library user Fernando] Perez — whose reading interests range from sci-fi to Jane Austen — among its 117,301 registered patrons as it enters its fourth year of operation. That figure stood at 31,700 after the first year.

[Clip].

Since 2013, the library system — the first in the nation created without physical books — has circulated 16,492 e-readers and 420,622 e-books. Its collection has grown to 86,339 e-books.

[Clip]

BiblioTech operates two branches, on the South and West sides, with a third location scheduled to open in February at the East Meadows housing development. The San Antonio Housing Authority will lease the East Side space to Bexar County for $1 a year for 15 years, Cole said, marking the second branch established at a SAHA property.

The West Side library, the second location, opened in 2015 at the Gardens of San Juan Square apartment.

BiblioTech also operates kiosks at the county’s Central Jury Room and at Joint Base San Antonio-Fort Sam Houston.

Read the Complete Article
If unable to access fulltext try via Google.

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Posted by Gary Price

The following article appears in the latest issue of Issues in Science and Technology Librarianship.

Title

Digitized Archival Primary Sources in STEM: A Selected Webliography

Author

Amy Jankowski
University of New Mexico

Source

Issues in Science and Technology Librarianship
Summer 2017
Number 87
doi: 10.5062/F4FT8J93

From the Introduction:

Popular connotations of archives and special collections are most closely aligned with the arts and humanities fields, with history being the most seamless affiliation. However, archival documentation extends far beyond common disciplinary assumptions, with strong holdings relevant to the sciences, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) fields, as well as medicine and other allied disciplines. These archival collections provide largely untapped educational, enrichment, and research opportunities for STEM students and researchers.

[Clip]

The selected resources in this webliography are intended as a starting point by which librarians, archivists, educators, and students may discover digitized archival primary sources related to STEM and allied disciplines, which may be creatively used as tools to inform instruction, teaching, research, library collection development, marketing, and reference services. The resources embody a wide-ranging selection of noteworthy, historically significant STEM-focused archival primary source collections currently digitized and publicly accessible.

Direct to Full Text Article/Webliography

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Posted by Gary Price

From ALA HQ:

The American Library Association (ALA) and the library community are supporting response and recovery efforts for libraries damaged by Hurricane Maria and the recent earthquake in Mexico through the ALA Disaster Relief Fund.

“We extend our thoughts and prayers to everyone who has been affected by Hurricane Maria and the earthquake in Mexico,” said ALA President Jim Neal. “We encourage our members to consider donating to the ALA Disaster Relief Fund to help support recovery and rebuilding of libraries affected by both natural disasters as well as Hurricanes Harvey and Irma.”

ALA will accept donations to support library relief efforts in the Caribbean islands, Mexico and Puerto Rico at https://ec.ala.org/donate/projects. Additional information regarding local funds established for Florida and Texas libraries is available here.

The ALA also offers a list of resources for dealing with natural disasters at Libraries Respond.

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Posted by Gary Price

From the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality:

Information about the size, structure and other characteristics of 626 health care organizations is included in AHRQ’s new Compendium of U.S. Health Systems, 2016, the nation’s first publicly available database that gives researchers, policymakers and health care administrators a snapshot of the nation’s health systems.

The online resource was developed by the agency’s Comparative Health System Performance (CHSP) Initiative, a collaborative to examine systems’ use of evidence-based medicine and explore factors that contribute to high performance.

The new compendium defines systems as networks of at least one hospital connected via ownership to one or more groups of physicians. Hospitals in these health systems account for roughly 88 percent of U.S. hospital beds and 92 percent of U.S. hospital discharges. The compendium identifies system characteristics such as the number of hospitals, acute care beds and physicians, as well as whether a system serves children.

From an Introductory Blog Post:

The CHSP Initiative is a collaboration among researchers at Dartmouth College, the National Bureau of Economic Research, and RAND to examine systems’ use of evidence-based medicine and explore factors that contribute to high performance. Mathematica Policy Research is supporting coordination of the initiative.

The compendium will evolve over time. It currently provides a 2016 list of health systems developed with data from sources that cover the entire U.S.: the American Hospital Association Annual Survey Database, 2015; QuintilesIMS™ Healthcare Organization Services (OneKey Organizations [HCOS]), 2016; and the SK&A Healthcare Databases, 2016.

Direct to Compendium of U.S. Health Systems, 2016
Downloadable Database, Reports, Infographics

References Versus Citations

Sep. 20th, 2017 12:29
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Posted by Timothy McAdoo

by Timothy McAdoo In the Publication Manual and in many, many blog posts here, we refer to both references and citations. If you are new to writing with APA Style, you might wonder “What’s the difference?” Like this apple and...
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Posted by Gary Price

From  CTV News (Exclusive):

In a CTV Exclusive, the Ottawa Public Library says it is no longer defending its “Intellectual freedom” policy when it comes to watching pornography at its branches.

“So overly violent content, sexual overt images – those kinds of things, we are going to ask you to refrain from doing so in public and if you do that we will be asking you to turn off or shutdown your computer,” said Ottawa Public Library, CEO Danielle McDonald.

McDonald says she believes this is a solution that will satisfy the public after massive backlash poured in from across the country last week.

An Ottawa mom took her frustrations to the media after her daughter caught a man viewing explicit material online. When the family complained, they learned watchers are protected by the library’s stance on intellectual freedom.

Read the Complete Article, View Video Report

Additional Coverage and Background

Ottawa Public Library Changes Porn Policy Following Controversy (September 20, 2017; via CBC)

OPL spokesperson Anna Basile said the library is changing its network access policy to include the phrase “refrain from displaying content that may be offensive to others in a public setting.”

This is in addition to asking patrons to “respect the sensibilities of others,” as per the old policy.

Enforcement will be based on complaints from patrons and reviewed by staff who can then address individuals who may be viewing offensive material, Basile said.

“We will not monitor.”

There will be no additional filters or firewalls blocking pornographic content, she said, though the library will continue to filter child pornography and some other sites based on security.

Library Patrons Allowed to Surf Porn, Ottawa Mom Discovers (September 13, 2017; via CBC)

‘I Was in Shock’: Ottawa Mom Sparks Debate Over Pornography in Libraries (September 13, 2017; via Global News)

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Posted by Gary Price

From Simon and Schuster:

Simon & Schuster today announced that Hillary Rodham Clinton’s What Happened sold 167,000 hardcover copies in the United States in its first week on sale.

Based on weekly data reported by NPD Bookscan, this outstanding sales volume gives What Happened the biggest first week sales recorded by any author for a hardcover nonfiction title published since 2012.

Total sales of What Happenedin all formats (hardcover, ebook, CD and digital audio) were more than 300,000 copies, based on reporting from both Bookscan and non-Bookscan accounts.

Other significant sales accomplishments for What Happenedare:

  • The best week of digital audio sales in the Simon and history.
  • The best week of ebook sales for any nonfiction book from Simon & Schuster since the 2011 publication of Steve Jobs by Walter Isaacson.
  • In the United Kingdom, What Happened, published by Simon & Schuster U.K., will be the #1 nonfiction hardcover the Sunday Times bestseller list to be published on September 24.

Simon & Schuster has already gone back to press three times, and there are a total of 800,000 copies of What Happenedin print.

[Clip]

In addition, Simon & Schuster Books for Young Readers has published a picture book edition of Hillary Rodham Clinton’s It Takes A VillagE, illustrated by two-time Caldecott Honor winner Marla Frazee.

Source Announcement

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Posted by Wendi Maloney

A 1972 photograph of Congressional Black Caucus members including, from left, Shirley Chisholm, William Clay, Sr., Charles Diggs, Ronald Dellums and Augustus Hawkins. Photo by Warren K. Leffler.

This week, thousands of people from around the country will gather in the vast Washington, D.C., Convention Center to take part in a decades’ old tradition: the annual legislative conference of the Congressional Black Caucus (CBC) Foundation. From September 20 to 24, participants will hear from approximately 100 hundred speakers, including many members of Congress, who will challenge them to think creatively about public policy issues facing African-Americans and the global black community.

We know much about the CBC’s history, its impact on national politics and the triumphs and setbacks of its leaders thanks in part to a book researched and written at the Library of Congress by Rep. Major R. Owens (D-N.Y.). When he retired from Congress in 2007, he accepted an invitation from the Librarian of Congress to serve as a distinguished visiting scholar at the Library’s John W. Kluge Center. While he was here, he drafted “The Peacock Elite: A Case Study of the Congressional Black Caucus.”

Major Owens, seated, with Rep. Maxine Waters at a 2007 Kluge Center event focusing on Owens’ history of the CBC. Photo by George Clarkson.

Owens’ residency at the Library was perhaps a fitting conclusion to his career: he began his working life as a professional librarian at the Brooklyn Public Library in 1958. During his time there, he became active in politics and the civil rights movement. In 1974, he was elected to the New York state senate; in 1982, he won the seat in New York’s 11th congressional district vacated by founding CBC member Shirley Chisholm upon her retirement. Owens served in the House of Representatives for 24 years and was an active member of the CBC.

The CBC came together as a formal organization in 1971 in the 92nd Congress to serve as a voice for the African-American community and, as expressed in its original mission statement, to “promote the public welfare through legislation designed to meet the needs of millions of neglected citizens.”

In domestic policy, the CBC has supported efforts to improve educational quality and access to education and health care, reduce unemployment, protect voting rights and ensure better housing and child care for poor and working-class citizens. In foreign policy, the CBC has highlighted international human rights and issues on which it believes U.S. policy may conflict with American values of liberty and equality.

Today, in the 115th Congress, the CBC has 49 members in the House of Representatives and the Senate, including Rep. John Conyers (D-Mich.), a founding CBC member who is serving his 26th consecutive term in the House.

The title of Major Owens’ book, “The Peacock Elite,” refers to elected officials, Shirley Chisholm among them, who have been skilled at using public display to achieve goals. His book analyzes the success of these individuals in helping to improve the lives of African-Americans as well as quieter behind-the-scenes efforts.

In October 2007, as a Kluge Center visiting scholar, Owens hosted a panel of U.S. representatives and political scientists to discuss the subject matter of his book. The panel included Rep. Maxine Waters (D- Calif.), a current CBC member; two founding CBC members, Ronald Dellums and Louis Stokes; and political scientists Ronald Walters, then at the University of Maryland, and Michael Eric Dyson of Georgetown University. Listen to the presentation here.

Over the Counter #384

Sep. 20th, 2017 07:00
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Posted by Luanne

What book caught my eye this week as it passed over the library counter and under my scanner? Such a small, simple idea...but so very big....

I Wish My Teacher Knew: How One Question Can Change Everything for Our Kids by Kyle Schwartz.

From Da Capo Press:

"One day, third-grade teacher Kyle Schwartz asked her students to fill-in-the-blank in this sentence: "I wish my teacher knew _____."

The results astounded her. Some answers were humorous, others were heartbreaking-all were profoundly moving and enlightening. The results opened her eyes to the need for educators to understand the unique realities their students face in order to create an open, safe and supportive place in the classroom. When Schwartz shared her experience online, #IWishMyTeacherKnew became an immediate worldwide viral phenomenon. Schwartz's book tells the story of #IWishMyTeacherKnew, including many students' emotional and insightful responses, and ultimately provides an invaluable guide for teachers, parents, and communities."

(Over the Counter is a regular feature at A Bookworm's World. I've sadly come the realization that I cannot physically read every book that catches my interest as it crosses over my counter at the library. But... I can mention them and maybe one of them will catch your eye as well. See if your local library has them on their shelves!)
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Posted by Gary Price

From Stuff.co.nz:

Auckland Libraries is hosting an interactive computer programme designed by young innovators that factored in emotions, weather and time to recommend the best book to read.

All the reader needed to do was push a button at the library, which would trigger a photo to be taken of the person. Then the computer, which used Microsoft artificial intelligence software, would recommend a book based on the information it received.

[Clip]

The project sprung up after the four students won a prize worth $20,000 through Velocity, an entrepreneurial development programme at University of Auckland.

Read the Complete Article and View Demo Video

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Posted by Gary Price

From American Chemical Society (ACS):

The Publications Division of the American Chemical Society supports the constructive and user-friendly solution that the International Association of Scientific Technical and Medical Publishers (STM) has proposed today to ResearchGate, a venture capital-funded commercial sharing website. STM’s offer was sent to ResearchGate on behalf of its member publishers.

The proposed approach would enable ResearchGate to operate its scholarly collaboration network service in compliance with copyright laws, and in a manner consistent with whatever access and usage rights have been agreed upon between authors and the scientific journals in which they have published. At the same time, the proposed solution would enable authors to share their published research with interested colleagues in a seamless way.

From Elsevier:

Elsevier supports a constructive and user-friendly solution the International Association of Scientific, Technical and Medical Publishers (STM) has suggested to ResearchGate, enabling the scholarly collaboration network to operate its service consistent with the access and usage rights agreed between authors and the scientific journals in which they publish. At the same time, this solution continues to allow users to showcase their work in a seamless way.

Proposal Letter

The fulltext letter from STM to ReserchGate is available from both ACS and Elsevier.

Background

Science Publishers Try New Tack to Combat Unauthorized Paper Sharing (May 10, 2017 via Nature)

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Posted by Gary Price

From The Pratt Institute in Brooklyn, NY:

A group of 11 Pratt Institute digital arts students have activated the Pratt Library on the Institute’s Brooklyn campus with librARy : works cited, an augmented reality (AR) exhibition of works that inform, entertain, and speculate on the past and future of Pratt library culture.

[Clip]

With librARy : works cited, the entire Pratt Library, from its front facade to its interior, contains a new rich layer of virtual art and information available to visitors with the free Blippar app installed on their smartphone or tablet. Explore librARy : works cited in this short video.

The exhibition can also be experienced in the library on the Brooklyn campus through October 11, 2017.

Read the Complete Article and View Video

View a Second Video About the Project

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Posted by birdie

Now playing at NYC's Film Forum: Ex Libris NYPL.

Frederick Wiseman cracks open institutions: the military, the insane asylum, the high school, the police, the welfare system, the Paris Opera Ballet, the National Gallery of London, and now – in his 43rd film in 50 years - the New York Public Library, an institution eminently worthy of his immersive style. If you thought libraries are just repositories for books, you’re in for a big, wonderful surprise. The NYPL owns (and makes accessible) millions of images; sponsors lectures by people like Patti Smith, Elvis Costello, and Ta-Nehisi Coates; circulates a growing collection of e-books; maintains a vast archive of materials not available online; and gives classes in digital technology. The magnificent Stephen A. Schwarzman Building (and 5th Avenue at 42nd Street) is the spine of the film, but equally vital is the role of branch libraries that act as community centers for civic life.

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Posted by Gary Price

From Laughing Squid:

Programmer Brandon Liu and researcher Jeremy Lechtzin have created 80s.NYC, a really wonderful online collection of photos that show what all five boroughs of New York City looked like during the 1980s. [Images are now part of the NYC Municipal Archive].

The photos were taken as part of a bureaucratic process to ensure taxes were assessed properly. Liu and Letctzin organized these photos into an easily readable map that’s fun to explore.

2017-09-19_16-52-26

From the 80s.NYC “About” Page

Do Photo Sets From Other Decades Exist?

Yes! At the end of the 1930s into the early 1940s, coordinated by the Federal Works Progress Administration, the City created its first set of “tax photos” – at that time, over 700,000 black & white 35mm photos of almost every building in New York. In some respects, this earlier photo set is more historically interesting – twice as old, and before the post-war construction boom (aided and abetted by Robert Moses) remade large swaths of the city.

However, only the 1980s photo set has been digitized.

Both sets have made their way from proprietary use by the Finance Department to the City’s public Municipal Archives in recent years. But even in 2017, to get access to the 1930s images, the intrepid researcher must make a trip to the Archives reference room in lower Manhattan.

Direct to 80s.NYC

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Posted by Gary Price

From UW-Madison:

Edward Van Gemert, vice provost for libraries and university librarian, will retire from the University of Wisconsin–Madison Libraries in May 2018, Provost Sarah Mangelsdorf announced Tuesday.

A nationwide search will be launched in the near future to fill the position upon Van Gemert’s departure.

Van Gemert’s retirement follows 46 years of work with libraries, and 2018 will mark 36 years of continuous employment with the General Library System. Van Gemert came to the Libraries as a student assistant in Memorial Library in 1971. He has held a number of positions over the years, including serving as the first person at UW–Madison to hold the title of vice provost for libraries and university librarian.

[Clip]

Van Gemert accepted the position of vice provost for libraries under then-Provost Paul De Luca in 2013, with instructions to rethink how the UW–Madison Libraries would advance their role on campus into the future, specifically: growing campus partnerships to assist the fundamental ways the university educates students; creating a strategic plan that encompasses the needs of stakeholders and leadership across campus; and creating a more focused effort to develop a philanthropic fundraising plan with the UW Foundation.

[Clip]

Van Gemert has served as chair of the Council of University of Wisconsin Libraries, was on the steering committee of the Coalition for Networked Information, served in leadership roles with the Association of Research Libraries, the Big Ten Academic Alliance, and served as chair of the HathiTrust Strategic Advisory Board.

[Clip]

Van Gemert says he looks forward to spending more time with his family, traveling, embarking on several cycling trips, reading, and engaging even more in his volunteer work for adult literacy.

Read the Complete Announcement, Learn More About Van Gemert’s Many Accomplishments at UW-Madison

See Also: Van Gemert Named to Lead UW-Madison Libraries (January 22, 2013)

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Posted by Gary Price

Say Hello and Welcome to LC Labs from the National Digital Initiatives Team at the Library of Congress.

Direct to @LC_Labs of Twitter

2017-09-19_13-33-05

In a Few Words (via Labs Website)

Labs will have a growing and changing selection of experiments, projects, events and resources to encourage creative use and connections with the Library of Congress. This is a space for us to try things in public, create community, and invite you to experiment, too. Some projects will turn into production applications, some will be retired, and some will get picked up, repurposed, and shared. Either way, please expect hiccups, mistakes, and impermanence.

From the LC Launch Announcement:

The Library of Congress today launched labs.loc.gov, a new online space that will host a changing selection of experiments, projects, events and resources designed to encourage creative use of the Library’s digital collections. To help demonstrate the exciting discoveries that are possible, the new site will also feature a gallery of projects from data challenge winners and innovators-in-residence and blog posts and video presentations from leaders in the field.

From Carla Hayden, Librarian of Congress

“We already know the Library of Congress is the ultimate treasure chest, but with labs.loc.gov we are inviting explorers to help crack open digital discoveries and share the collections in new and innovative ways,” said Librarian of Congress Carla Hayden. “Whether you’re tagging images from our digitized historic newspapers to help future visitors, or exploring the changing nature of democracy through the 25 million bibliographic records the Library recently made public, we are providing tools and inspiration that will lead to new uses and new ways of looking at the incredible materials here at the Library.”

[Clip]

From Kate Zwaard, Chief of LC’s National Digital Initiatives:

We’re excited to see what happens when you bring together the largest collection of human knowledge ever assembled with the power of 21st-century technology,” said Kate Zwaard, the chief of the Library’s National Digital Initiatives office, which manages the new website. “Every day, students, researchers, journalists and artists are using code and computation to derive new knowledge from library collections. With labs, we hope to create a community dedicated to using technology to expand what’s possible with the world’s creative and intellectual treasures.”

Now Online at LC Labs

Crowdsourcing: Beyond Words

One of the first features on labs.loc.gov is Beyond Words, a website that invites the public to identify cartoons and photographs in historic newspapers and provide captions that will turn images into searchable data. This fun crowdsourcing program grows the data set of text available for researchers who use visualization, text analysis and other digital humanities methodologies to discover new knowledge from Chronicling America—the Library’s large collection of historic American newspapers. Beyond Words is available as a pilot project to help the Library of Congress learn more about what subsets of Library data researchers are interested in and to grow the Library’s capacity for crowdsourcing.

2017-09-19_14-15-04

“What I like about crowdsourcing is it gives people a chance to discover hidden gems in the collection. You never know what you’ll find poking through old newspapers,” said Tong Wang, the IT specialist who created Beyond Words during a three-month pilot innovator-in-residence program.

Beyond Words will also generate public domain image galleries for scholarship and creative play. As this data set grows, educators, researchers and artists will be able to group image collections by time frame, such as identifying all historic cartoons appearing in World War I-era newspapers.

Library of Congress API : “LC for Robots”

To maximize the potential for creative use of its digital collections, the Library has leveraged industry standards to create application programming interfaces (APIs) to various digital collections.

These windows to the Library will make the collections and data more accessible to automated access, via scripting and software, and will empower developers to explore new ways to use the Library’s collections. Information about each API is available on a section of labs.loc.gov dedicated to helping users explore the Library’s APIs and data sets.

Newly available is a JSON API for loc.gov, which is released as a work-in-progress that is subject to change as the Library of Congress learns more about the needs of its scholarly and technical-user communities. The Library is releasing the API as a minimum viable product so that feedback from early adopters can help drive design and development for further enhancements.

Direct to : LC Labs Experiments Gallery

Direct to LC Labs Collection of:

Direct to @LC_Labs of Twitter

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Posted by Wendi Maloney

Students of Professor Ross Davies of George Mason University Law School hold up the Library of Congress reader identification cards they obtained to complete a research assignment Davies requires.

Ross Davies has been a regular in the Library’s Manuscript Division for about two decades now. He has worked with papers of Supreme Court justices, consulted collections on the federal courts and introduced his students to the Library—a “treasure hunt” he assigns requires them to find resources in the Manuscript Division and the Law Library. He has even donated original materials.

Davies teaches at George Mason University’s Antonin Scalia School of Law—administrative law, contracts, employment discrimination and legal history are among his courses. He has written extensively about the U.S. court system but also about other subjects such as labor unions, the beginnings of golf at the Supreme Court, baseball and the fictional private detective Sherlock Holmes.

Besides his scholarship and teaching, Davies is known for his much-sought-after Supreme Court bobbleheads, which he designs and distributes through “The Green Bag: An Entertaining Journal of Law.” He cofounded the journal while in law school to publish brief, readable legal articles meant to provoke discussion.

Here, Davies answers a few questions about his experiences at the Library.

Ross Davies

What first brought you to the Library to do research?

When I was in law school, I spent part of one summer—it was 1996—working in the Washington, D.C., office of one of the great law firms, Gibson, Dunn & Crutcher. I spent some of my spare time in D.C. doing research for a paper on the development of what is known as the “good faith exception” to one of the Fourth Amendment exclusionary rules—the Mapp v. Ohio rule, which permits criminal defendants in state prosecutions to challenge the admissibility of evidence obtained through “unreasonable searches and seizures.” I ended up spending a lot of time in the Manuscript Division Reading Room. I left at the end of the summer with half-a-dozen three-ring binders full of photocopies of useful documents from the papers of several justices of the U.S. Supreme Court. During the course of that summer, I also got an excellent education in archival research from the kind and patient and knowledgeable Library staff in the reading room.

 Which collections have you used?

I doubt I can remember them all. Here are some: the papers of Supreme Court Justices Hugo Black, Harry Blackmun, William Brennan, Harold Burton, Benjamin Curtis, William Day, William Douglas, Gabriel Duvall, Felix Frankfurter, Arthur Goldberg, John Harlan, Oliver Holmes, Robert Jackson, Horace Lurton, Thurgood Marshall, John McLean, Samuel Miller, William Moody, William Paterson, Wiley Rutledge, Joseph Story, George Sutherland, Willis Van Devanter, Byron White and Levi Woodbury and about Chief Justices Salmon Chase, Oliver Ellsworth, Melville Fuller, Charles Hughes, Harlan Stone, William Taft, Morrison Waite and Earl Warren. I’ve spent time in other collections as well, including the papers of Edward Bernays, James G. Blaine, Benjamin Bristow, Benjamin Butler, J.C. Bancroft Davis, Frederick Douglass, William Evarts, Duff Green, James Kent, Anthony Lewis, Groucho Marx, Donald Richberg, Carl Swisher and William Wirt.

What do you value most about the collections you’ve used?

The opportunity to work directly with primary sources, unfiltered by the corrections and manipulations of intervening generations. And there is also something a little bit magical—almost a kind of time travel—about holding pieces of paper that were also held, even written on, by the historical figures whose works I’m studying and whose thoughts and actions I’m trying to understand.

Supreme Court bobbleheads designed by Davies on a shelf in the Manuscript Division. Photo by Shawn Miller.

Tell us a little about the “treasure hunt” you ask your students to conduct.

I teach a course called Institutions of American Law for first-year law students. One part of the course is a “treasure hunt,” in which they must visit several government institutions in the Washington, D.C., area and perform various tasks. One of those institutions is the Library of Congress, where they must perform three tasks:

  • Get a reader card. This is easy to do. The Library has an astonishingly efficient and user-friendly on-site system for issuing cards.
  • Find the Library department where the Papers of Harry A. Blackmun, a Supreme Court justice from 1970 to 1994, are kept. (They are in the Manuscript Division Reading Room.) Then, take a picture of an “opinion log sheet” from a case file in one of 24 boxes from the Blackmun Papers. Students tend to be nervous about this, until they meet someone on the Library staff—they’re all knowledgeable and helpful and nice—and get to use the handy finding aid for the Blackmun Papers.
  • Find the Library department that has a set of official reports of decisions and opinions of the Supreme Court. (It is the Law Library.) Then, take a picture of the first page of the official opinion of the Court in the case listed on the opinion log sheet the student photographed in the Manuscript Division Reading Room.

Why do you think it is important for your students to visit the Library to do research?

First, they are in Washington, D.C., home to the greatest collection of written and sketched and published human work in the world. They should know how to tap that resource. Actually going through the process at least once will help them do so with confidence again in the future.

Second, they should know just how easy it is to use the Library, and how friendly and knowledgeable the Library staff is. Here is what one of my students said to me (via email) after visiting the Manuscript Division Reading Room: “All in all, it was a great experience getting to know the ancient way to look up things (not just type in then enter, then get whatever you need), the scale and value of the scripts kept here, and most importantly, the attitude and hospitality of the staff.” I hear similar things from many of my students who visit the Library.

Third, at a more general level, my students (like all of us) probably benefit from an occasional reminder that while Googling is one good way to do research, it is not the only way, and there are useful and interesting resources that are best accessed—and, in some situations, can only be accessed—by going to a library. My students’ experiences at the Library are excellent evidence of that reality.

How did you come to be a collection donor, and what did you donate?

I came to be a collection donor for three reasons. First, I believe that documents produced by officials of our national government should be preserved for the benefit of the people of this nation, and that as many of “we the people” as reasonably possible should have access to as many of those documents as reasonably possible, as easily and affordably as reasonably possible. For officials of our national government, there are few acts that make for a more democratic and public-minded legacy than donating their papers to the Library; conversely, there are few acts that make for a more antidemocratic and elitist legacy than donating their papers to private institutions. Second, I know from long and direct experience that the Library does the best job of achieving those goals. Third, a former official of our national government, Bennett Boskey, gave me some documents produced while he and his colleagues were federal officials—specifically, members and staff of the Supreme Court—with the understanding that I was free to do donate them to the institution of my choice. And so, of course, I chose the Library of Congress.

What has your experience been like generally working with Library staff as a researcher and donor?

Great, simply great. They are knowledgeable, resourceful, nice and very, very patient!

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Posted by Library and Archives Canada Blog

Streetcars, also called trams, trolleys or street railways, were initially pulled by horses in Canadian cities. Montréal and Toronto were the first urban areas to use streetcars (sleighs in the wintertime). Other cities, such as Hamilton, Winnipeg, Halifax and Saint … Continue reading
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Posted by Gary Price

From EducationSuperHighway:

Today, national non-profit EducationSuperHighway announced, in its “2017 State of the States” report, more than 39 million students in America have access to high-speed Internet at school. In its third year of releasing the status of broadband connectivity in the nation’s K-12 public schools, EducationSuperHighway highlights that an additional 5.1 million students gained vital access to high-speed Internet in the classroom. This year’s results show that 94 percent of school districts nationwide now meet the minimum 100 kilobits per second (kbps) per student goal set by the Federal Communications Commission (FCC) in 2014.

Source: State of the States Report 2017 (EducationSuperHighway)

Source: State of the States Report 2017 (EducationSuperHighway.org)

The report confirms that America continues to make extraordinary progress in narrowing the K-12 digital divide. Overall, 39.2 million students, 2.6 million teachers, and 74,000 schools are now achieving the minimum connectivity goal that gives students equal access to digital learning opportunities. However, 6.5 million students are on the other side of the digital divide without access to high-speed Internet. A divide that is particularly wide in the 1,587 rural K-12 schools that don’t yet have the infrastructure necessary to revolutionize the way teachers teach and students learn.

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The State of the States report is based on an analysis of 2017 FCC E-rate data representing 11,038 school districts, 72,707 schools, and more than 39.3 million students.

Direct to 2017 Report and Web Tools

Direct to Full Text Report (PDF)
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0 pages; PDF.

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Joint Letter on Bill C-59

Sep. 19th, 2017 16:17
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Posted by Samuel Trosow

Here is the text of the joint public letter that was sent to the federal government about Bill C-59 (An Act respecting national security matters). The bill seeks to respond to Bill C-51. The letter (which I signed) sets out the concerns of over 40 organizations and individuals.

It concludes:

“We recognize that Bill C-59 is a substantial undertaking that aspires toward balanced policy-making. Unfortunately, it is not the fundamental change needed to undo C-51’s legacy, nor to fully realize and respect that human rights must sit at the core of our national security framework.”

Joint Letter on Bill C-59

 


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Posted by Gary Price

From UC Santa Cruz:

 UC Santa Cruz alumnus Mark Davidson moved from Austin, Texas, to Tulsa, Oklahoma, to begin a new job at the Bob Dylan Archive.

His official job title is “Bob Dylan Librarian and Collections Manager.” Davidson is now the head archivist and librarian of the collection, working closely with Bob Dylan Archive curator Michael Chaiken, who lives in New York City.

The Dylan Archive includes 6,000 mostly unseen items from Dylan’s own personal collection, going back more than 50 years. According to the New York Times, it was recently acquired by the George Kaiser Family Foundation for a reported $15 million to $20 million. The archive is now held at the Gilcrease Museum of American History in a partnership with the University of Tulsa and the city of Tulsa.

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Davidson earned his Ph.D. in cultural musicology from UC Santa Cruz in 2015. His dissertation was titled Recording the Nation: Folk Music and the Government in Roosevelt’s New Deal, 1936–1941. At more than 800 pages (two volumes, double-sided) Davidson noted, “It doubles as an excellent doorstop or booster seat for short people like myself who have trouble seeing over the steering wheel.”

While completing his Ph.D., Davidson moved to Austin to enroll in the Master of Science in Information Studies program at the University of Texas at Austin, where he studied archival practices, academic librarianship, and audio preservation.

He also taught a graduate seminar titled “Information Policy: Music, Copyright, and Technology”. “My interest in music and copyright came from working with the late, great UCSC music professor Frederic Lieberman as his assistant on some music copyright cases.”

Learn More, Read the Complete Article

See Also: The Bob Dylan Archive Opens on a Select Basis in Tulsa, RFQ For Designing Dylan Center Published (March 29, 2017)

On a Related Note…

Meet Elizabeth Schnobrick, the National Symphony Orchestra’s Principal Librarian (September 8, 2017)

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